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Supply chain 2009 respondent: Ove Arup & Partners Ltd

General introduction
Arup global firm designers engineers planners business consultants pride providing outstanding solutions characterised value innovation vast pool technical expertise world enabling achieve best possible results clients Sustainability intrinsic Arup's corporate values formation founder Sir Ove Arup saw delivering work quality acting honestly fairly dealings whilst striving enhance prosperity quality life staff communities work central ongoing development sustained success dedication clients industry staff coupled commitment creativity innovation sustainable development central achieving mission shaping better world Arup's Sustainability Policy launched September 2007 sought reinforce fundamental values core delivery themes relating Business People Facilities External Relationships Policy implementing practices promote economic security social betterment environmental stewardship striving continuous improvement performance areas


Risk and Opportunities
1 Regulatory Risks (CDP6 1(a)(i))
1 1 company exposed regulatory risks related climate change
We consider our company to be exposed to regulatory risks. 
international firm 100 offices globe Arup expects coming years subject evolving developing policy regulation relating climate change national international level effects regulatory changes developments assessed collectively Corporate Sustainability Team informed number processes approaches including environmental management requires specific legal aspects impacts relating business identified Arup prepared forthcoming environmental carbon legislation reporting requirements UK’ s Carbon Reduction Commitment effect April 2010 confident able respond efficiently effectively potential risks arising regulatory impacts

 
information

 
2 Physical Risks (CDP6 1(a)(ii))
2 1 company exposed physical risks climate change
We consider our company to be exposed to physical risks. 
predicted climactic weather changes associated climate change expose Arup number offices physical risk Arup knows low lying countries susceptible smaller degrees sea level rise e g Pacific Islands Maldives countries coastal populations predicted suffer gradual sea level rise surge events extreme weather events know regions experiencing extreme weather events (cyclones hurricanes bushfires flooding) forecast face intensified levels impact changes climate extremes preparing occasions approach business continuity region identified emergency response procedures outline business respond react case emergency

 
information

 
3 Risks (CDP6 1(a)(iii))
3 1 company exposed risks result climate change
We consider our company to be exposed to other risks. 
companies Arup exposed risks result climate change point extent risk hard quantify following issues identified • Financial implications result resource and/material scarcity instance energy prices rise providing additional burden operational management costs air travel expensive result fuel scarcity associated taxes legislation placed aviation industry financial implications arise need comply new legislation/regulation • Staff health safety productivity maybe affected/impacted increases natural disasters associated global warming increase instance staff areas affected severe storms flooding offices flooded damaged cut Similarly experience increase vector borne diseases dengue fever (an example seen recently following floods Far North Queensland affected staff Cairns office) • Drawing point regarding increases natural disasters extreme weather conditions operational financial risk associated climate change Arup offices affected subsequently closed damaged • Supply chains affected result accessibility availability issues and/or material resource scarcity • Reputational risks related business instance business areas need restructured reflect changing markets trends industries (i e aspects business reliance fossil fuels longer financially viable) certain markets threatened Arup opportunity tap climate change policy work resulted governments begin recognise need set targets enforce reduction measures fall “ restructured” business technically risk shows need hire train staff new areas (such climate action planning) • Reputational risks occur fail adapt responding clients’ risks engineering consulting work

 
information

 
4 Regulatory Opportunities (CDP6 1(b)(i))
4 1 regulatory requirements climate change present opportunities company
Regulatory requirements present opportunities for my company. 
instances regulatory requirements regarding climate change present opportunities Arup experienced increasing numbers clients seeking advice various policy drivers impacts business examples include • EU Emissions Trading Scheme (UK)• Energy Performance Buildings Directive (UK)• National Greenhouse Energy Reporting Act (Australia)• California Environmental Quality Act Global Warming Solutions Act (AB 32) (USA)

 
information

 
5 Physical Opportunities (CDP6 1(b)(ii))
5 1 physical changes resulting climate change present opportunities company
Physical changes present opportunities for my company. 
instances physical changes resulting climate change present opportunities Arup particularly relation mitigation adaptation Arup’ s core business built environment predicted effects climate change built environment undoubtedly present number opportunities range markets examples include projects related energy generation costal flood defence property development management including schools hospitals public mass transit systems airports highways railways

 
information

 
6 Opportunities (CDP6 1(b)(iii))
6 1 Does climate change present opportunities company
Climate change presents other opportunities for my company. 
regulatory physical opportunities associated climate change likely provide significant opportunities business growth Arup expects opportunities arise clients potential clients required act reduce impact global warming example expanding capacities carbon data management calculations helping clients understand supply chain impacts options

 
information

 
Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions Accounting, Emissions Intensity, Energy and Trading
7 Reporting Year (CDP6 Q2(a)(ii)) Year 1 answers
Information respond section “ Greenhouse Gas Protocol Corporate Accounting Reporting Standard (Revised Edition)” developed World Resources Institute World Business Council Sustainable Development (“ GHG Protocol” ) http //www ghgprotocol org/ ISO 14064 1 compatible GHG Protocol number regional/national programme protocols information http //www ghgprotocol org/ use guidance button provide CDP responses questions 7 8 9 10 1 10 2 11 1 11 2 years prior current reporting year time answered CDP information request work backwards current reporting year enter data oldest reporting period Questions 10 1 10 2 11 1 11 2 subsequent webpages dates answer question 7 carried forwards automatically populate webpages
7 1 state start date end date year reporting GHG emissions
Start date 01 April 2007End date 31 March 2008Financial accounting year 01 April 2007

 
8 Reporting Boundary (CDP6 Q2(a)(i)) 8 1 indicate category describes company entities group Scope 1 Scope 2 GHG emissions reported
Other 
Companies financial operational control exercised

 
8 2 state parts business sources GHG emissions excluded reporting boundary
parts business sources GHG emissions excluded reporting boundary

 
9 Methodology (CDP6 Q2(a)(iii)) 9 1 process used company calculate Scope 1 Scope 2 GHG emissions including standard protocol methodology used collect activity data calculate Scope 1 Scope 2 GHG emissions provide answer text box addition description relevant select methodology list published methodologies aid automated analysis data
Arup’ s methodology compiling carbon footprint agreed Group Board follows regions asked report emissions Scopes 1 2 3 defined ‘ Greenhouse Gas Protocol Corporate Accounting Reporting Standard’ (March 2004) consistency following summarises elements scopes included derive global figure Scope 1 Included Office Gas Use Oil Use Arup Fleet VehiclesScope 2 Included – Electricity UseScope 3 Included Non Commuter Travel (flights train car hire taxi personal work related mileage)Accounting methodologies taken World Business Council Sustainable Development World Resources Institute 2004 Greenhouse Gas Protocol Corporate Accounting Reporting Standard ISO 14064 1 – 2006 Specification guidance organisation level quantification reporting greenhouse gas emissions removals region requested use emission factors specific geographic area care taken ensure adopted emissions factors nationally recognised sources Reporting focuses CO2 equivalents specific GHGs appropriate approach business

 
Select methodologies
ISO 14064-1
The Greenhouse Gas Protocol: A Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard (Revised Edition)


 
provide

 
9 2 Details assumptions
Regions obtained original data similar sources used different methods estimating data gaps occur methods estimation gaps dependant original data obtained following principles applied • assumptions sources emissions factors boundaries set submission regional calculations • proportion original data used gaps data % original data used calculate figure reported • Floor area used office leases • number fulltime employees (FTE) 31st March 2008 used (as opposed average year) • Consumption data provided representatives locations comes number sources e actual bill/invoice estimated invoice automated meter reading manual meter reading example assumptions regions includes measured gas/electricity data available data pro rated using kWh/m² data available measured sources applying floor area appropriate office assumption emissions constant Staff located offsite pro rated region’ s average gas electricity consumption added total footprint carbon footprint expect future assumptions addressed improved calculation/enhanced reporting process set common assumptions region acknowledged confirmed ability provide accurate response practicable

 
9 3 names links calculation tools used
Air Travel Carbon Emission Calculator www co2balance com – used East Asia Region onlyWBCSCD/WRI GHG Protocol Business Travel Calculator http //www ghgprotocol org/calculation tools/all tools#high_4 – used Australasia Region

 
Select calculation tools
GHG Protocol - CO2 emissions from business travel 1.2 August 2005
Air Travel Carbon Emission Calculator: www.co2balance.com - used by East Asia Region


 
9 4 global warming potentials applied origin

 
9 5 emission factors applied origin
following emissions factors used calculating Scope 1 2 emissions relate kgCO2e/unit Americas RegionEmissions Factors used calculate office energy emissions follows Westborough 0 0159 CARROT built factor (for Massachusetts) Boston (Cambridge) 0 0159 CARROT built factor (for Massachusetts) Toronto factor CARROT does provide factors Seattle 1 05 E 08NREL Report Pg 28 Emissions factor Washington state San Francisco 0 0037 CARROT built factor (taken E Grid sub regions) Detroit 0 025 CARROT built factor (for Michigan) Los Angeles 0 0037 CARROT built factor (for California) Houston 0 0146 CARROT built factor (taken E Grid sub regions) Chicago 0 018 CARROT built factor (for Illinois) New York 0 0089 CARROT built factor (taken E Grid sub regions) Washington DC 0 0206 CARROT built factor (for District Columbia) New Jersey 0 0079 CARROT built factor (for New Jersey) Australasia RegionEmission factors office energy sourced Australian ‘ National Greenhouse Accounts' (NGA) Factors follows Stationary Fuel Natural Gas – 51 3 Diesel – 69 5 Emissions factors electricity Cairns 0 91 Sydney 0 89 Adelaide 0 84 Perth 0 87 Darwin 0 69 Melbourne 1 22 Brisbane 0 91 Sunshine Coast 0 91 Emissions Singapore office used Department Energy Energy Information Administration Form EIA – 1605 (2007) F 3 Foreign Electricity Emission Factors emissions factor 0 73 used East Asia RegionThe following emissions factors used calculate emissions associated office energy East Asia region data taken International Energy Agency Data Services 2007 "CO2 Emissions Fuel Combustion (2007 Edition) " Hong Kong – 0 8097809 China – 0 7878678 Thailand – 0 5313397 Vietnam – 0 4055964 Philippines – 0 4951494 Korea – 0 418188 Japan – 0 378 Europe Region (note includes offices UK Continental Europe Middle East Africa) Gas UK emission conversion factors applied offices based 2008 DEFRA GHG Conversion Tables conversion factor 0 206 used Electricity UK emission conversion factors applied UK offices based 2008 DEFRA GHG Conversion Tables conversion factor 0 53702 used Continental Europe Gulf Botswana emission conversion factors applied based International Energy Agency Data 2006 developed World Resources Institute Greenhouse Gas Protocol following conversion factors used Denmark 0 283582 Germany 0 349232 Italy 0 405393 Netherlands 0 386667 Poland 0 658899 Romania 0 394136 Russia 0 337961 Serbia 0 4 Spain 0 394298 Turkey 0 432842 Ukraine 0 314316 Gulf 0 843617 Africa (Botswana) 0 4201425

 
information

 
10 Scope 1 Direct GHG Emissions (CDP6 Q2(b)(i))
Instructions question 10 question 11 (following page)When providing answers questions 10 11 deduct offset credits Renewable Energy Certificates net estimated avoided emissions export renewable energy carbon sequestration (including enhanced oil recovery) use goods services Opportunities provide details activities reduce avoid emissions provided information request Carbon dioxide emissions biologically sequestered carbon e g carbon dioxide burning biomass/biofuels reported separately emissions Scopes 1 2 3 relevant report emissions question 15 include nitrous oxide methane emissions biomass/biofuel combustion emissions scopes
answer following questions using Table 1 provide 10 1 Total gross global Scope 1 GHG emissions metric tonnes CO2 ePlease break total gross global Scope 1 emissions 10 2 Country regionPlease provide CDP responses questions 10 1 10 2 years prior current reporting year time answered CDP information request work backwards current reporting year enter data oldest reporting period Table 1 (below) table 5 (Q11 1 11 2) automatically populated dates answer 7 1 Electric utilities report emissions country/region using table question EU3 Table 1 use numbers Use “ Other” option drop menu enter region
Reporting year Q7.1 Start date 01/04/2007
Reporting year Q7.1 End date 31/03/2008
10.1 Total gross global Scope 1 GHG
emissions in metric tonnes CO2-e
1330

10.2 Gross Scope 1 emissions in metric tonnes CO2-e by country or region


 
answer question 10 1 automatically carried forward tables 2 3 add country region answer 10 2 press “ Save” end page tick box total gross global Scope 1 figure (Q10 1) includes emissions transferred outside reporting boundary (as given answer 8 1) report transfers 13 5

 
facilitate better understanding business break total global Scope 1 emissions 10 3 Business divisionand/or10 4 Facility10 3 Business division (only data current reporting year requested)Table 2 use numbers
Business Divisions - Enter names below
Scope 1 Metric tonnes CO2-e
Total gross global Scope 1 GHG emissions in metric tonnes CO2-e - answer to question Q10.1 1330

 
10 4 Facility (only data current reporting year requested)Table 3 use numbers
Facilities - Enter names below
Scope 1 Metric tonnes CO2-e
Total gross global Scope 1 GHG emissions in metric tonnes CO2-e - answer to question Q10.1 1330

 
10 5 break total global Scope 1 GHG emissions metric tonnes gas metric tonnes CO2 e GHG type (Only data current reporting year requested )Table 4 use numbers
Scope 1 GHG Type
Unit
Quantity
CO2 Metric tonnes
CH4 Metric tonnes
CH4 Metric tonnes CO2-e
N2O Metric tonnes
N2O Metric tonnes CO2-e
HFCs Metric tonnes
HFCs Metric tonnes CO2-e
PFCs Metric tonnes
PFCs Metric tonnes CO2-e
SF6 Metric tonnes
SF6 Metric tonnes CO2-e

 
10 6 provided information Scope 1 emissions response questions explain reasons plans collecting Scope 1 GHG emissions information future

 
information
carbon footprint opting report consolidated format regional breakdowns provided measure specific GHGs standard able provide CO2 equivalents

 
11 Scope 2 Indirect GHG Emissions (CDP6 Q2(b)(i))
Important note emission factors zero low carbon electricity purchased emissions factor use calculating Scope 2 emissions depends electricity purchase counted calculating grid average emissions factor – supplier Electricity counted calculating grid average emissions factor electricity sourced grid electricity counted calculating grid average emissions factor Scope 2 emissions calculated using grid average emissions factor company purchases electricity zero low carbon electricity tariff Electricity counted calculating grid average emissions factor zero low carbon electricity sourced grid transmitted company electricity counted calculating grid average emissions factor specific method generation used provided certificates quantifying GHG related environmental benefits claimed electricity sold passed separately electricity purchased Click instructions previous page answering question 11
answer following questions using Table 5 provide 11 1 Total gross global Scope 2 GHG emissions metric tonnes CO2 e break total gross global Scope 2 emissions 11 2 Country regionPlease provide CDP responses questions 11 1 11 2 years prior current reporting year time answered CDP information request work backwards current reporting year enter data oldest reporting period Table 5 automatically populated dates gave answer 7 1 Table 5 use numbers Use “ Other” option drop menu enter region
Reporting year Q7.1 Start date 01/04/2007
Reporting year Q7.1 End date 31/03/2008
11.1 Total gross global Scope 2 GHG
emissions in metric tonnes CO2-e
12591

11.2 Gross Scope 2 emissions in metric tonnes CO2-e by country or region


 
answer 11 1 automatically carried forward tables 6 7 add country region answer 11 2 press “ Save” end page facilitate better understanding business break total global Scope 2 emissions 11 3 Business divisionand/or11 4 Facility11 3 Business division (only data current reporting year requested)Table 6 use numbers
Business Divisions - Enter names below
Scope 2 Metric tonnes CO2-e
Total gross global Scope 2 GHG emissions in metric tonnes CO2-e - answer to question Q11.1 12591

 
11 4 Facility (only data current reporting year requested)Table 7 use numbers
Facilities - Enter names below
Scope 2 Metric tonnes CO2-e
Total gross global Scope 2 GHG emissions in metric tonnes CO2-e - answer to question Q11.1 12591

 
11 5 provided information Scope 2 emissions response questions explain reasons plans collecting Scope 2 GHG emissions information future
N/A

 
information
stated carbon footprint opting report consolidated format regional breakdowns provided

 
12 Contractual Arrangements Supporting Particular Types Electricity Generation (CDP6 Q2(b)(i) Guidance)
12 1 consider grid average factor used report Scope 2 emissions question 11 does reflect contractual arrangements electricity suppliers (for example purchase electricity using zero low carbon electricity tariff) calculate report contractual Scope 2 figure response question showing origin alternative emission factor information tariff
316 tCO2e avoided purchase ‘ GreenPower’ energy (zero carbon electricity) Australasia region

 
12 2 retire certificates (eg Renewable Energy Certificates) associated zero low carbon electricity provide details
Renewable Energy Certificates associated energy generated purchased Green Power energy tariff retired generation

 
information

 
13 Scope 3 Indirect GHG Emissions (CDP6 Q2(c))
following categories main sources emissions Report emissions metric tonnes CO2 e state methodology assumptions calculation tools databases emission factors (including sources) global warming potentials (including sources) used calculating emissions Notes question 13When providing answers question 13 deduct offset credits Renewable Energy Certificates net estimated avoided emissions export renewable energy carbon sequestration (including enhanced oil recovery) use goods services Opportunities provide details activities reduce avoid emissions provided information request Carbon dioxide emissions biologically sequestered carbon e g carbon dioxide burning biomass/biofuels reported separately emissions Scopes 1 2 3 relevant report emissions question 15 include nitrous oxide methane emissions biomass/biofuel combustion emissions scopes
13 1 Employee business travelDescribe main sources emissions
international consulting firm majority Arup’ s emissions relate business related air travel currently working review impact establish steps reducing avoiding level impact Remaining travel emissions generated following transport modes rail taxi hire car personal mileage

 
Emissions metric tonnes CO2 e
17 336 tCO2e

 
State methodology assumptions calculation tools databases emission factors (including sources) global warming potentials (including sources) used calculating emissions
following emissions factors used calculating Scope 3 emissions related business travel relate kgCO2e/unit Americas RegionThe following emissions factors relate emissions business travel associated fuel use taken U S Energy Information Administration (EIA) Voluntary Reporting Greenhouse Gases Program Emission Coefficients Aviation gasoline – 2 20 Distillate Fuel (No 1 2 4 Fuel Oil Diesel) – 2 68 Jet Fuel – 2 53 Kerosene – 2 58 Liquefied Petroleum Gases (LPG) 1 53 Motor Gasoline 2 34 Petroleum Coke – 3 88 Residual Fuel (No 5 6 Fuel Oil) – 3 12 Propane – 1 52 Emission factors sourced UK DEFRA Annexes Guidelines Company Reporting Greenhouse Gas Emissions Table 9 Updated July 2005 used follows Gas Oil 2 69 Diesel 2 63 Petrol – 2 30 Liquefied Petroleum Gases (LPG) – 1 49 Aviation Spirit – 2 24 Aviation Turbine Fuel 2 52 Distance based emission factors sourced UK DEFRA (Table 9 Annexes Guidelines Company Reporting Greenhouse Gas Emissions updated July 2005) short haul long haul flights UK short haul (approx ) – 0 15 UK medium haul (approx ) – 0 19 UK long haul (approx) 0 11 Rail travel calculated using Railtrack http //www railtrack uk/our_business/environment/benefits_of_rail/index cfm gives annual passenger miles tonnes CO2 guidelines follows UK Rail1 0 060 Intercity Rail2 (i e Amtrak) – 0 195 Transit Rail3 (e g subway tram) 0 105 Commuter Rail4 – 0 101 Canadian Rail5 0 103 Australasia RegionEmission factors associated business travel sourced follows emissions associated vehicles sourced Australian ‘ National Greenhouse Accounts’ (NGA) Transport Fuel Unleaded Petrol 69 6 LPG 60 2 Diesel – 69 9 Emission factors air travel taken WBCSD/WRI GHG Protocol Business Travel Calculator Short Flight 0 15 Medium Flight 0 12 Long Flight 0 11 East Asia RegionDefault Emission Factors adopted calculating vehicular emissions taken Greenhouse Gas Protocol 2005 Guidance calculation worksheets Calculating CO2 Emissions Mobile Sources Table 3 emission factor 2 3822 used calculating emissions fleet vehicles Hong Kong China Thailand Vietnam Philippines Korea India Macau Air travel emission factors calculated Air Travel Carbon Emission Calculator co2balance com (based Greenhouse Gas Protocol set World Business Council Sustainable Development World Resources Institute ISO 14064 2 2006 Greenhouse gases gives specification guidance) Europe RegionThe following relates emission factors associated business travel UK data air Eurostar rail travel supplied Common Purchasing Unit (CPU) UK’ s party travel agent FCm FCm provided following assumptions • AIR air data supplied FCm Travel • EUROSTAR travel data supplied FCm emissions mileage calculated data supplied Eurostar • RAIL CO2 emissions data available prior July '07 Extrapolated figures used data supplied FCm/Evolvi UK emission conversion factors applied based 2008 DEFRA GHG Conversion Tables UK data rental car travel supplied CPU vehicle basis mileage vehicle allowing accurate calculations (Where CPU responsible rental car hire emissions unknown ) UK data personal car mileage travel supplied CPU Arup Finance calculated based mileage travelled calculated value expense claim divided £ 0 40 CO2 figures based DEFRA figures 172g km travelled applied UK data pre paid account taxis provided CPU Calculations based kgCO2/£ assumptions derived measured data personal mileage travel CO2 figures based DEFRA figures 172g km travelled applied UK travel booked directly suppliers agents captured CPU expenses supplied Arup Finance UK expense data incorporated travel emission calculations proratering kgCO2/£ travel mode based kgCO2/£ assumptions derived measured data Expenses incorporated travel emissions air Eurostar rail rental car taxi travel Expenses incorporated personal mileage Travel data available Continental Europe Gulf Botswana Travel data regions prorated using UK data kgCO2/FTE travel mode Data lease/pool cars available included 70% total travel emissions derived measured sources remainder prorated

 
13 2 External distribution/logisticsDescribe main sources emissions
N/A

 
Emissions metric tonnes CO2 e
N/A

 
State methodology assumptions calculation tools databases emission factors (including sources) global warming potentials (including sources) used calculating emissions
N/A

 
13 3 Use/disposal company’ s products servicesFor auto manufacture auto component companies – refer additional questions sectors completing question 13 3 main sources emissions
N/A

 
Emissions metric tonnes CO2 e
N/A

 
State methodology assumptions calculation tools databases emission factors (including sources) global warming potentials (including sources) used calculating emissions
N/A

 
13 4 Company supply chainDescribe main sources emissions

 
Emissions metric tonnes CO2 e
N/A

 
State methodology assumptions calculation tools databases emission factors (including sources) global warming potentials (including sources) used calculating emissions
N/A

 
13 5 OtherIf reporting emissions fall categories categorise transferred emissions non transferred emissions (please guidance explanation terms) report transfers input fields non transfers input fields TransfersDescribe main sources emissions
N/A

 
TransfersReport emissions metric tonnes CO2 e
N/A

 
TransfersState methodology assumptions calculation tools databases emission factors (including sources) global warming potentials (including sources) used calculating emissions
N/A

 
Non transfersDescribe main sources emissions
N/A

 
Non transfersReport emissions metric tonnes CO2 e
N/A

 
Non transfersState methodology assumptions calculation tools databases emission factors (including sources) global warming potentials (including sources) used calculating emissions
N/A

 
13 6 provided information categories Scope 3 GHG emissions response questions explain reasons plans collecting Scope 3 indirect emissions information future
N/A

 
information

 
14 Emissions Avoided Use Goods Services (New CDP 2009)
14 1 goods and/or services enable GHG emissions avoided party provide details including estimated avoided emissions anticipated timescale emissions avoided methodology assumptions emission factors (including sources) global warming potentials (including sources) used estimations
unable quantify data reporting purposes significant proportion Arup’ s business seeks provide client solutions maximise efficiencies reducing energy consumption subsequent carbon emissions

 
information

 
15 Carbon Dioxide Emissions Biologically Sequestered Carbon (New CDP 2009)
example carbon dioxide burning biomass/biofuels

 
15 1 provide total global carbon dioxide emissions metric tonnes CO2 biologically sequestered carbon Emissions metric tonnes CO2 use numbers

 
information
N/A Arup used biological sequestration offset emissions

 
16 Emissions Intensity (CDP6 Q3(b))
16 1 supply financial emissions intensity measurement reporting year combined Scope 1 2 emissions measurement
Financial emissions intensity based annual turnover 2007 08 reporting year

 
16 1 1 units example units metric tonnes CO2 e million Yen turnover metric tonnes CO2 e US$ profit metric tonnes CO2 e thousand Euros turnover
Metric tonnes CO2e British Pound (£ ) turnover generated

 
16 1 2 resulting figure Use decimal point necessary use “ ” “ ” e write 15 6 15 6
0.00001918

 
16 2 supply activity related intensity measurement reporting year combined Scope 1 2 emissions measurement
Arup’ s activity related intensity measurement tCO2e / time employee (fte)

 
16 2 1 units e g metric tonnes CO2 e metric tonne output service sector businesses unit service provided
Scope 1 2 emissions time employee (CO2e/fte)

 
16 2 2 resulting figure Use decimal point necessary use “ ” “ ” e write 15 6 15 6
1.45

 
information

 
17 Emissions History (CDP6 Q2(f))
17 1 emissions reporting year vary significantly compared previous years
First year of estimation - Please go to question 18. 

 
answer 17 1 Yes 17 1 1 Estimate percentage emissions vary compared previous reporting year box accept numerical answers containing decimal point use " " " " e write 10 6 10 6

 
emissions increased decreased

 
information

 
18 External Verification/Assurance (CDP6 Q2(d))
18 1 information reported response questions 10 – 15 externally verified/assured
Yes, it has been externally verified/assured in whole or in part.(Please continue with questions 18.2 to 18.5) 

 
aid automated analysis responses select responses tick boxes use text box provided tick boxes menu options appropriate

 
18 2 State scope/boundary emissions included verification/assurance exercise

 
use text box scope/boundary emissions included verification/assurance exercise tick box menu options applicable
Americas region participates California Climate Action Registry carbon footprint data (Scope 1 2 3 emissions) Americas region externally verified party

 
18 3 State level assurance (eg reasonable limited) given
Verification ensures reported emissions meet California Climate Action Registry’ s reporting requirements achieve minimum quality standard (95% accuracy)

 
18 4 Provide copy verification/assurance statement attach copy/copies

Download attachment
 
18 5 Specify standard information verified/assured
Members required emission reports verified State California Registry approved party verifier year General Verification Protocol (GVP) provides California Registry approved certifiers standardised approach independent verification GHG emissions baselines annual emissions reported California Registry participants California Climate Action Registry General Reporting Protocol based internationally recognised ‘ Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative World Business Council Sustainable Development World Resources Institute

 
18 6 information provided response questions 10 15 verified state plans GHG emissions accounting information externally verified/assured future

 
information

 
19 Data Accuracy (CDP6 Q2(e) – New wording CDP 2009)
19 1 main sources uncertainty data gathering handling calculations e g data gaps assumptions extrapolation metering/measurement inaccuracies gather emissions data select emissions data gathered proceed question 20
Emission data is gathered. 
Data gaps provide largest proportion uncertainty predominantly caused result data supplied party e collating information tenant light power building managers data difficult obtain metering/measuring restriction way data received distribution companies following example relates Europe Region highlights assumptions data gaps managed scopes 36% total emissions gas use derived measured sources remaining data pro rated 48% total emissions electricity use derived measured sources remaining data pro rated measured gas / electricity data available data prorated using kWh/m2 data available measured sources applying floor area appropriate office 152 members staff identified based site home specific location staff members allocated Europe Region’ s average gas electricity consumption added total carbon footprint 70% total travel emissions derived measured sources remainder prorated

 
19 2 uncertainties affect accuracy reported data percentage terms estimated standard deviation
detailed Q 9 2 sought address issues relating data inaccuracies uncertainties agreeing common set reporting guidelines assumptions highlighted carbon footprint expect future reporting periods data collection processes improve help reduce data gaps inaccuracies instances possible common set robust assumptions confirmed future reporting periods allow comment response question

 
19 3 Does company report GHG emissions mandatory voluntary scheme (other CDP) requires accuracy assessment
Yes (Please answer the following questions - 19.3.1, 19.3.2). 

 
19 3 1 provide scheme
Other 
California Climate Action Registry voluntary scheme Americas Region reported 2007 08 emissions

 
19 3 2 provide accuracy assessment GHG emissions reported scheme report delivered
California Climate Action Registry information externally verified (95% accuracy)

 
information

 
20 Energy Fuel Requirements Costs (New CDP 2009)
provide following information reporting year Cost purchased energy
20 1 total cost electricity heat steam cooling purchased company

 
Select currency

 
20 1 1 break costs individual energy type Table 8 “ Cost” column accept text use numbers
Energy type
Cost
Currency
 Electricity
 Heat
 Steam
 Cooling

 
Cost purchased fuel20 2 total cost fuel purchased company mobile stationary combustion

 
Select currency

 
20 2 1 breakdown costs individual fuel type Table 9 cost column accept text use numbers
Mobile combustion fuels
Cost
Currency

 
Stationary combustion fuels
Cost
Currency

 
Energy fuel inputsThe following questions designed establish company’ s requirements energy fuel (inputs) note MWh preferred unit answers helps comparability analysis usually associated electricity equally used represent energy content fuels (see CDP2009 Reporting Guidance information conversions MWh) Purchased energy input20 3 company’ s total consumption purchased energy MWh use numbers
26222 MWh

 
Purchased self produced fuel input20 4 company’ s total consumption MWh fuels stationary combustion includes purchased fuels biomass self produced fuels relevant use numbers
5515 MWh

 
answering question used Higher Heating Values (also known Gross Calorific Values) Lower Heating Values (also known Net Calorific Values) state used calculating answers

 
20 4 1 break total consumption fuels reported answer question 20 4 individual fuel type MWh Table 10 use numbers
Stationary combustion fuels
MWh
Natural gas (dry) 5508
Distillate fuel oil 4 7

 
Energy outputIn question ask information energy MWh generated company fuel uses Comparing energy contained fuel combustion (question 20 4) energy available use combustion indication efficiency combustion processes taking industry sector account 20 5 total energy generated MWh fuels reported question 20 4 use numbers

 
20 6 total MWh renewable energy excluding biomass self generated company use numbers

 
Energy exportsThis question companies export energy surplus requirements example company use electricity combined heat power plant export heat organisation 20 7 percentage energy reported response question 20 5 exported/sold company grid parties use numbers

 
20 8 percentage renewable energy reported response question 20 6 exported/sold company grid parties use numbers

 
information
unable provide data relating cost purchased energy fuels included Group emission reporting requirements data collection Arup does generate export energy

 
21 EU Emissions Trading Scheme (CDP6 Q2(g)(i) – New wording CDP 2009)
Electric utilities report allowances emissions using table question EU5 21 1 Does company operate ownership facilities covered EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS)
No (Please go to question 22.) 

 
details 21 2 allowances allocated free year Phase II facilities operate (Even wholly facilities number allowances) Table 11 use numbers
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Free allowances metric tonnes CO2

 
21 3 total allowances purchased national auctioning processes period 1 January 2008 31 December 2008 facilities operate (Even wholly facilities total allowances purchased auctions facilities period) Total allowances purchased auction

 
21 4 total CO2 emissions 1 January 2008 31 December 2008 facilities operate (Even wholly facilities total emissions period )Total emissions metric tonnes

 
information

 
22 Emissions Trading (CDP6 Q2(g)(ii) New wording CDP 2009)
Electric utilities read EU6 answering questions
22 1 provide details emissions trading schemes EU ETS company participates likely participate years
We participate or anticipate participating in trading schemes other than the EU ETS in the next two years. 
UK offices subject participation UK Carbon Reduction Commitment April 2010

 
22 2 overall strategy complying schemes required elected participate including EU ETS
Arup’ s strategy managing emissions including associated emissions trading requirements development late 2008 following documented reporting period Europe Region Board published Carbon Offsetting paper concluded investments focused reducing carbon emissions carbon projects time paper committed following official 2007 08 reporting period believe relevant note

 
information

 
22 Carbon credits
22 3 purchased project based carbon credits
Yes. (Please answer the following questions) 

 
indicate credits meet following commitments
Primarily for voluntary offsetting of your own emissions


 
22 4 Provide details including type unit volume vintage purchased standard/scheme credits verified issued retired (where applicable)
70 tCO2e offset Australasia region manage emissions generated fleet vehicles Australasia region

 
22 5 involved origination project based carbon credits
No. (Please go to question 22.7) 

 
22 6 provide details including • role project(s) • locations technologies involved • standard/scheme projects being/have developed • emissions reductions validated verified • annual volumes generated/projected carbon credits • Retirement method used compliance offsetting

 
22 7 involved trading allowances EU ETS and/or project based carbon credits separate business activity direct support business activity investment fund management provision offsetting services
No. (Please go to question 23) 

 
22 8 provide details role performed

 
information

 
Performance
23 Reduction plans & goals (CDP6 Q3(a))
23 1 Does company GHG emissions and/or energy reduction plan place
No. (Please answer the following question and then continue with 23.3) 

 
23 2 explain aid automated analysis responses select response options using text box just use text box provided options appropriate
In process of being defined 

 
menu options appropriate answer question using text box
data presented submission marks carbon footprint formalised energy emissions strategy developed intention based data trends present following 2008 09 carbon footprint formalised approach delivered confirmed Arup Group Sustainability Policy identifies following corporate objective “ develop strategy minimising carbon emissions operations” supported UK’ s recent (18 2009) commitment participate Prince’ s Day Network (the UK’ s largest group businesses committed taking action climate change) initiative Arup pledged year (2009 10) period Arup work manage carbon emissions develop carbon action plan set absolute reduction target

 
Goal setting23 3 emissions and/or energy reduction target(s)
No. (Please go to question 23.8) 

 
23 4 baseline year target(s)

 
23 5 emissions and/or energy reduction target(s)

 
23 6 sources activities target(s) applies

 
23 7 period/timescale does target(s) extend

 
information
Drawing preliminary trends identified 2007 08 (baseline year) 2008 09 reporting periods Group Board indentify confirm Arup’ s emissions energy reduction targets addition number regions begun task creating implementing targets carbon energy reduction examples Europe Region identified target reducing building energy use metre squared (/m² )by 15% 5 years based baseline year Australasia Region target reduction 10% identified implementation 2009 10 reporting year office energy air travel taxi travel) setting targets seek focus biggest emissions areas energy buildings emissions staff travel group reduction targets identified look set delivery timescales enable progress monitored

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23 GHG emissions energy reduction activities
23 8 activities undertaking planning undertake reduce emissions/energy use
identify targets reduction Arup Group activities underway reduce impacts Initiatives include • reducing energy consumption buildings ensuring new existing leased offices built/refurbished high levels energy efficiency using recognised sustainability tools standards assist achieving possible e Green Star LEED BREEAM Green Mark • Promoting use video tele conferencing facilities reduce level air travel emissions unrelated projects possible seeking reduce project related emissions example Arup commissioned project located different city (to office located) reduce number flights staff Arup loaned client set video conferencing equipment enable client Arup project team meet regularly effectively need multiple flights cities • offices Arup’ s OvaGreen Committee provide network volunteers striving reduce environmental impact staff offices Examples include promoting awareness knowledge energy use e posters reminding staff switch appliances giving away energy efficient light bulbs supporting active transport (i e walking cycling etc) public transport schemes Additional initiatives implemented Europe Region include • Virtualisation consolidation servers significantly reduce equipment numbers power requirements sever rooms data centres • Review cooling systems server rooms providing cooling rooms lower temperature necessary • Introduction Client systems instead traditional desktops Client replace desktop PCs small box linking screen keyboard server allowing multiple clients run single server • Power management 'Night Watchman' software trialled automatically switches computers left overnight • Energy efficient computers Maintain investment modern desktop laptop computers year current computers energy efficient older computers years age Energy Star version 4 0 compliant • Review printing photocopying processes introduce new technology 'follow me' printing allows users print job device sending collecting having large print jobs automatically sent print room facility • Improvements video conferencing providing robust reliable available services reducing need travel meetings

 
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23 Goal evaluation
23 9 benchmarks key performance indicators use assess progress emissions/energy reduction goals set
measure progress following Key Peformance Indicator “ Carbon emissions employee year (tonnesCO2e/employee/year)”

 
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23 Goal achievement
23 10 emissions reductions energy savings associated cost savings achieved date result plan and/or activities described state methodology data sources used calculating reductions savings
N/A – stated Group emissions targets implemented actioned

 
23 11 investment required achieve emissions reductions energy savings targets carry activities listed response question 23 8 period investment Table 13 “ Investment number” column accept text use numbers
Emission reduction target/energy saving target or activity
Investment number
Investment currency
Timescale

 
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N/A – stated Group emissions targets implemented actioned

 
23 Goal planning & investment
Electric utilities read table question EU3 giving details forecasted emissions
23 12 investment required achieve future targets set reduction plan carry activities listed response question 23 8 period expect payback investment Table 14 “ Number” column accept text use numbers
Plan or action
Investment number
Investment currency
Payback

 
23 13 estimate company’ s future Scope 1 Scope 2 emissions years main territories regions operate provide qualitative explanation expected changes impact future GHG emissions possible use table 15 structure answer question alternatively use text box
completed carbon footprint analysis feel early estimate future emissions look consider addressing issue better understanding possible data trends

 
Scope 1 forecasted emissions Table 15 following units

 
Scope 2 forecasted emissions Table 15 following units

 
Table 15 “ Scope” columns accept text use numbers Type territory region giving data press “ Add Territory/Region” giving global figure instead separate figures regions territories write “ global” box labelled “ Enter territory region” Click sample table
Future reporting years:
End date for year end DD/MM/YYYY
Emission forecasts
Scope 1
Scope 2
Scope 1
Scope 2
Scope 1
Scope 2
Scope 1
Scope 2
Scope 1
Scope 2

 
23 14 estimate company’ s future energy use years main territories regions operate provide qualitative explanation expected changes impact future GHG emissions possible use table 16 structure answer question alternatively use text box

 
Table 16 use numbers Type territory region giving data description data giving e g electricity consumption press “ Add Row” giving global figure instead separate figures regions territories use word “ global” table accept different types units e g units volume mass Click sample table
Future reporting years:
End date for year end DD/MM/YYYY
Energy use estimates for territory/region
Number
Units
Number
Units
Number
Units
Number
Units
Number
Units

 
23 15 explain methodology used estimations assumptions
N/A

 
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24 Planning (CDP6 Q3(c))
24 1 factor cost future emissions capital expenditures impact estimated costs investment decisions

 
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Governance
25 Responsibility (CDP6 Q4(a))
25 1 Does Board Committee executive body overall responsibility climate change
Yes. (Please answer question 25.3 and 25.4) 

 
25 2 state overall responsibility climate change managed indicate highest level company responsibility climate change

 
25 3 Board Committee executive body overall responsibility climate change
Arup Group Board ultimate responsibility relating Sustainability Climate Change area consideration Group Sustainability Director David Singleton Board Member responsibility Sustainability

 
25 4 mechanism Board executive body reviews company’ s progress status regarding climate change
Progress monitored annual Sustainability KPI reporting tracks emissions employee Group Board reviews implementation strategies delivering Sustainability Policy approved Region Board level firm Drawing regional level Region Boards review data collected submission Group reporting initiative able note changes fluctuations trends emerge relevant geographic area

 
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26 Individual Performance (CDP6 Q4(b))
26 1 provide incentives individual management climate change issues including attainment GHG targets
No. (Please go to question 27.1) 

 
26 2 incentives linked monetary rewards

 
26 3 entitled benefit incentives

 
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27 Communications (CDP6 Q4(c))
27 1 publish information risks opportunities presented company climate change details emissions plans reduce emissions
Yes

 
indicate following apply provide details and/or link documents copy relevant excerpt 27 2 company’ s Annual Report mainstream filings
Yes 
Arup’ s Sustainability Policy launched September 2007 2008 details emissions (per fulltime employee) publically disclosed annual Corporate Report comprises Arup Group’ s Sustainability Report Financial Statements http //www arup com/arup/feature cfm pageid=12148

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27 3 Voluntary communications (other CDP) Corporate Social Responsibility reporting
Yes 
Arup's Corporate Report includes Sustainability Statement produced voluntarily

 
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28 Public Policy (CDP6 Q4(d))
28 1 engage policymakers possible responses climate change including taxation regulation carbon trading
Yes 
leading international consultancy firm known technical excellence innovation regards sustainability Arup regularly commissioned provide strategic guidance advice input creation policy legislation regulation response climate change Examples included follows beginning 2008 Arup engaged City Melbourne review update existing ‘ Zero Net Emissions 2020 Strategy’ preparing comprehensive carbon mitigation strategy Arup conducted realistic assessment City Melbourne’ s ability reduce overall emissions ability influence pare emissions UK Arup commissioned carry study develop understanding economic implications climate change North East England help inform direct future policy development region sub regional local agenda relation climate change intended evidence base provided allow informed decision making development clear 'road map' resilient low carbon economy addition project examples staff regularly contribute industry steering groups organisations investigating impacts associated climate change Carbon Trust London Development Agency UK Green Buildings Council C40 Large Cities Climate Leadership (strategic adviser C40 Clinton Climate Initiative) Green Buildings Council Australia Australian Green Infrastructure Council Climate Group

 
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Supplier Module
SM 1 Ability Split Scope 1 2 Emissions Business Category
aim questions help customers estimate extent Scope 1 Scope 2 emissions linked purchases services goods note use term “ product” cover goods services
SM 1 1 able break total Scope 1 Scope 2 emissions thefollowing categories • Business division• Business unit• Factory• Product group• OtherPlease details case Business division
No 

 
Business unit
No 

 
Factory
No 

 
Product group
No 

 
No 

 
Unable breakdown category
Yes (Please go to question SM 1.4) 

 
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SM 1 2 Splitting Scope 1 Scope 2 Emissions Category
SM 1 2 Using preferred method (question SM 1 1) splitting emissions consider biggest emitting categories (e g business units product groups) company biggest emitting categories plus categories specified customer(s) complete table SM1 2 Click sample completed table complete table Use figure given answer question 11 1 basis Scope 2 emissions
 
Category
e.g. business division, business unit, factory, product group.
Total emissions
(number)
Total emissions
Units of measure e.g. metric tonnes CO2-e
Do these represent emissions from Scope 1 only, Scope 2 only, or both?
Output
Units
Major emission Sources
Group 1   Scope 1 emissions from fleet vehicles, gas use, and diesel 1330 metric tonnes CO2-e Scope 1 9614 Fte Fleet Vehicles, Gas Use, Diesel used in backup generators
Group 2   Scope 2 emissions from purchased electricity 12591 metric tonnes CO2-e Scope 2 9614 Fte Electricity for IT, lighting, heating and cooling, space and water heating for offices and communal areas
Group 3   Scope 3 emissions from business related travel 17336 metric tonnes CO2-e 9614 Fte Air travel, taxi travel, rail and road travel
Group 4  
Group 5  
Other  
Total  31257  

 
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SM 1 3 Methodology
SM 1 3 explain identified GHG sources listed previous question including major limitations process assumptions allocating emissions groups table published information used provide reference(s) degree confidence figures expressed percentage e g estimate accurate +/ 15% allocation emissions different categories externally verified details
reporting consolidated entity best way Arup allocate emissions associated scopes confident carbon footprint information presented accurate possible continue report refine data collection methods processes expect level accuracy increase

 
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SM 1 4 Challenges Developments
challenges allocating emissions different business categories help overcome challenges plan develop capabilities allocate emissions future
nature business (design consultancy work) allocating emissions based business categories (i e departments) challenging looking future aspiring better reporting methodologies Arup investigate reporting options

 
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SM 2 engagement suppliers
customers want engage learn emissions immediate suppliers purpose section turn doing engage suppliers
SM 2 1 strategy engaging suppliers GHG emissions impacts climate change business provide details strategy sense scale engagement include number suppliers engaging proportion total spending represent strategy explain plans develop future
Yes 
objectives identified Group Sustainability Policy “ develop strategy sustainable procurement goods services used operations” addressing GHG emissions associated business related climate change impacts development Europe Region drafted Sustainable Procurement Plan implemented Region near future

 
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SM 2 2 Use data
data suppliers' GHG emissions climate change strategies explain make use data (for example identifying major GHG sources prioritise emissions reduction actions identifying physical risks supply chain stimulating innovation etc)
N/A

 
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SM 3 Emissions lifecycle goods services
SM 3 1 list major successes and/or planned activities reduce GHG emissions lifecycle groups products individual products including estimate possible reductions initiative
core output/activity work undertaken staff (our intellectual capital) reduction carbon emissions firm reduce emissions associated lifecycle goods service stated emission reduction targets set approved Arup Group Board ratified associated activities identified actioned

 
SM 3 2 offer customers information steps reduce GHG emissions associated use products case goods disposal examples
core goal Arup’ s business embed sustainability projects advice clients believe majority advice clients provides options reducing GHG emissions associated projects engaged sample projects demonstrating commitment sustainability listed • Arup commissioned provide multidisciplinary services including engineering sustainability advice Hanham Hall low energy housing development site identified carbon challenge run English Partnerships UK Government’ s commitment tackle climate change challenge deliver zero carbon homes communities advance mandatory 2016 help house building sector demonstrate targets feasible commercially viable zero carbon homes groundbreaking project create eco lifestyles hand listed building community use capture rainwater include sustainable drainage farmers’ shops car club bicycle storage • Arup commissioned undertake carbon footprint analysis San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) District BART operates network rail public transit serves San Francisco Bay Area covering 104 miles track 43 stations BART government agency created State California governed elected Board Directors BART seeking understand climate change impacts wider policy implications transportation sector California Assembly 32 Global Warming Solutions Act 2006 (AB32) Act requires State’ s global warming emissions reduced 1990 levels 2020 reduction accomplished enforceable state wide cap global warming emissions phased starting 2012 • Arup commissioned Carbon Trust’ s Insights Team develop means answering key question ‘ optimum path reach goal low carbon non domestic buildings stock UK 2050 ’ Arup responded developing dynamic model takes objective fact based long term vision non domestic buildings sector UK tool enables user define different scenarios modelling policy interventions describes resulting costs economy carbon emissions impact tool used Carbon Trust consider implications strategy stimulating carbon reductions non domestic buildings • Arup Climate Group’ s publication “ Business Guide Low Carbon Economy California” aims help organization understand steps need reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions whilst realizing significant opportunities low carbon economy generate provides businesses overview California's rapidly evolving climate change legislation preliminary guidance measuring reducing emissions publication walks businesses prioritized steps calculating carbon footprint implementing energy efficiency considering renewable energy resort offsetting emissions guide seeks encourage Californian businesses sizes successful players low carbon economy Additional project work Arup invests significant level money investigating global ‘ Drivers Change’ research initiative began 2006 lead Arup’ s Foresight Innovation team group tasked exploring emerging trends impact business Arup clients total 8 research streams (Energy Climate Change Waste Urbanisation Demographics Water Food Poverty) produced date Energy Climate Change reported beginning card depicts single driver factoid rhetorical question face backed brief indication breadth depth content face http //www driversofchange com/doc/

 
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SM 3 3 3 4 Individual Request Questions
suppliers customers request provide estimates GHG emissions particular product’ s lifecycle estimated information purposes wish publicise fall group answer following question complete table SM 3 4
SM 3 3 details method used estimate lifecycle emissions State followed published procedure (e g ISO 14040 & 14044 PAS 2050) developed Clearly define good service data given boundary assessment make clear GHGs GHG sources included assessment relevant GHGs GHG sources excluded reasons omissions references data sources used giving life cycle assessment (LCA) information product use text box methodologies time making clear product referring
standard operating practice employ methodology LCA defined ISO 14040 ISO 14044 standards life cycle assessment Arup involved consultation exercise PAS 2050 manufactured products carbon footprint methodology (based ISO 14040 ISO 14044) staff engaged critical review LCAs examples tools use listed follows (i) GaBi 4 Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) softwareGaBi 4 leading Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) software tool used designing products services taking account cycle design manufacture use/operation end life quantifying life impacts reporting atmospheric emissions including carbon dioxide greenhouse gases tool benefits decision makers able understand make informed choices environmental/sustainability implications • Alternative materials components manufacturing techniques • Energy demands source(s) energy • Design options ensure smaller overall impact • Ability adhere corporate legislated environmental targets • life implications increasing design life reducing maintenance requirements • End life options recycling • Supply transportation options • Supporting marketing claims • Benchmarking performance tool provided extensive database processes materials transportation energy carriers applied wide range sectors including automotive construction electrical equipment music petrochemical industries ii) Integrated Resource Management (IRM) modelArup sustainability experts developed model support quantitative sustainability appraisal masterplan regional scale developments key attribute model comprehensive carbon footprinting function quantify assess greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions model encompasses key sectors buildings energy waste transport water urban design recognising aspects implications energy use carbon emissions underlying premise IRM balance supply demand understand resource flows optimised emissions minimised IRM model adopts ‘ systems approach’ links resource streams dynamic model integrates coordinates individual contribution GHG emissions IRM approach builds model resource flows inputs outputs given geographical region point time model stepped forward time create predictions emissions (BAU) defined period methodology especially useful • achieving high level efficiency and/or sustainability performance key requirement project • size complexity multidisciplinary nature project impose considerable challenges optimising design outcomes key benefits application IRM methodology sustainability appraisal include • supporting design / development holistic energy strategies understanding implications terms overall carbon emissions • informing decision making (options & scenarios) • understand linkages technical discipline inputs (i e transport waste management buildings energy etc) • facilitating iterative process testing refinement solutions

 
SM 3 4 Emissions lifecycle goods servicesAn example lifecycle stages service case hotel stay check use room check cleaning use table provide LCA data requesting CDP members selected members box list requesting members like limit availability particular product information particular member select member select multiple members hold control key click repeat process table data product input select specific members data visible requesting members choose make response public appear published response website

 
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stated previously nature business provide design consultancy advice mind appropriate measure understanding emissions impact relation lifecycle service provision activity related intensity (1 45 tCO2e/fte)

 
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