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Respondent CDP 2007: Cairn Energy

General Introduction
<>If like introduction answers enter
operations focussed South Asia particular India Bangladesh countries currently targets reduction greenhouse gas emissions set Kyoto protocol Cairn recognised years climate change important international issue measuring setting targets greenhouse gas emissions producing fields years benchmark environmental performance industry compiled reported International Association Oil Gas Producers (OGP) Cairn’ s GHG emissions average survey process oil gas utilise engines turbines powered gas and/or diesel vent flare gas utilise land sea transportation powered hydrocarbon products medium term gas usage oil carbon intensive fuels coal seen important contributor reducing levels GHG emissions Currently approximately 53% hydrocarbons produced Cairn operations gas new projects particularly India assessing case GHG reduction measures developed Clean Development Mechanism

 
Section A – 1 Climate Change Risks, Opportunities and Strategy
Question 1(a)(i) – Regulatory risks
<>For question state time period possible associated financial implications commercial risks does climate change present company including regulatory risks associated current and/or expected government policy climate change e g emissions limits energy efficiency standards
currently regulation GHG emissions operating area Bangladesh financial strategic impacts company regulations GHG emissions monitor developing legislation anticipate regulation near future significantly impact operations

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided
 No 

 
Question 1(a)(ii) Physical risks
<>For question state time period possible associated financial implications commercial risks does climate change present company including physical risks business operations scenarios identified Intergovernmental Panel climate Change expert bodies sea level rise extreme weather events resource shortages
Bangladesh experienced severe flooding recent years events directly affected land based operations circumstances affect health safety staff 2006 severe floods Rajasthan impacted operations affected work schedule Cairn Energy staff contractors played major role relief operations rescuing stranded people providing logistical support donation relief work rehabilitation unknown flooding events related climate change place contingency plans maintaining operations health safety staff event natural disasters flooding Cairn conducts regular (approximately monthly) risk assessments line Group business risk management procedures assessments encompass environmental issues climate change detailed assessment physical risks climate change conducted issue flagged higher level risk management process

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided

 
Question 1(a)(iii) risks
<>For question state time period possible associated financial implications Apart regulatory physical risks described answers questions 1(a)(i) 1(a)(ii) commercial risks does climate change present company including shifts consumer attitude demand
Cairn aware rapidly growing global concern regarding climate change including issues recently highlighted assessments IPCC aware growing pressure companies produce significant quantities GHG emissions monitor report improve performance area recognise failure act issues result risk reputation Cairn recognised years climate change important international issue measuring setting targets GHG emissions producing field years aims 2007 review climate change objectives strategy Despite renewable sources energy demand oil gas currently far outweighs supply decrease demand considered risk present

 
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Question 1(b) Opportunities
<>For question state time period possible associated financial implications commercial opportunities does climate change present company existing new products services
operations located developing countries Kyoto Protocol provides countries opportunity incentive control growth emissions Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) exploring application CDM Mangala development Rajasthan Projects considered include use associated gas power avoiding flaring capture injection flue gases turbines 2006 conducted research including detailed financial analysis ascertain feasibility emission reduction projects possible qualification CDM rules Initial discussions held Indian Designated Authority work required able draw conclusions commercial viability projects

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided
 No 

 
Question 1(c) Strategy
<>For question state time period possible associated financial implications objectives targets strategies undertaken planning manage risks opportunities detailed questions 1(a) 1(b) include adaptation physical risks
response climate change concerns Cairn monitored emissions CO2 CH4 (the material GHG gas emissions activities) years set annual targets GHG CH4 years monitoring target setting sought control GHG emissions business expanded Cairn's performance GHG emissions tonne hydrocarbon produced good levels remaining industry average reported OGP Cairn developed road map climate change objectives 2005 monitoring progress Activities line road map included following *monitoring emissions CO2 CH4 setting annual targets GHG CH4 mentioned *inclusion climate change statement Corporate Responsibility Guiding Principles (see attached) *review improvements data collection processes *implementing plans address risks access opportunities e g emission reduction projects (installation high efficiency flares stage compression improving plant operations minimise volumes gas flared plant upsets) assessment CDM new projects 2006 Cairn maintained inclusion FTSE4Good meeting climate change criteria 2007 aim review develop climate change strategy

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Section A – 2 Greenhouse Gas Emissions Accounting
Question 2(a)(i) – Methodology – Accounting Year
<>Please state accounting year used report GHG emissions
report emissions calendar year line production annual Corporate Responsibility Report

 
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Question 2(a)(ii) – Methodology
<>Please state methodology emissions calculated
 Other 

 
<>Please provide additional information
key greenhouse gases monitored Cairn CO2 CH4 Emissions gases quantified accordance ‘ Compendium Greenhouse Gas Emissions Estimation Methodologies Oil Gas Industry’ (API 2001) predecessor document ‘ Methods estimating atmospheric emissions E& P Operations’ (OGP 1994) Cairn collates GHG emissions data operations operational control GHG emissions data published annual CR report equity share basis (the CR Report available www cairn energy plc uk attached) equivalent gross figures global GHG emissions terms tonnes CO2 equivalent global tonnes CH4 shown following table Year CO2 tonnes CH4 tonnes2003 155 961 1 4232004 169 446 8952005 187 953 8772006 205 441 925Cairn includes GHG emissions inventory material direct GHG emission sources arising • generation heat energy• Combustion flares• operation engines turbines example drive pumps compressors • Vented gas production processes • Transportation company owned contracted motor vehicles• Contracted exploration production operations including drilling seismic operations • Transport employees materials offshore platforms helicopters vessels Cairn does include GHG emissions inventory indirect emissions arising • Employee travel chartered aircraft commercial airlines • Employees commuting work• Purchased raw materials• Waste transport disposal parties • Purchased electricity • GHG emissions associated product use India Bangladesh Annex country Kyoto Protocol Cairn does participate EU Emissions Trading Scheme

 
<>Please state reporting boundaries data provided questionnaire
Option 2 – entities company exercises control

 
<>Please provide additional information
Cairn collates GHG emissions data operations operational control GHG emissions data published annual CR report equity share basis (The CR Report available www cairn energy plc uk attached) equivalent gross figures global GHG emissions terms tonnes CO2 equivalent global tonnes CH4 shown following table Year CO2 tonnes CH4 tonnes2003 155 961 1 4232004 169 446 8952005 187 953 8772006 205 441 925

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Question 2(a)(iii) – Methodology – External verficiation
<>Please state information provided externally verified audited
 Yes 
environmental emissions data independently verified Environmental Resources Management (ERM) provided assurance statements Corporate Responsibility Reports 2004

 
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Question 2(a)(iv) – Methodology – Variations emissions
<>Please provide explanation significant variations emissions year year major acquisitions divestments introduction new technologies
major variations year year data explain change reporting year Cairn India floated listed Bombay Stock Exchange January 2007 separate company Cairn Energy

 
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Question 2(b) – Scope 1 Scope 2 GHG Protocol Year 1 answers
state direct indirect GHG emissions metric tonnes CO2e global Annex B countries having difficulty reporting emissions figures CO2e metric tonnes guidance answering CDP5 questionnaire available
<>Please enter accounting year used report GHG emissions details
31 December 2006

 
<>Total Global Emissions
<>229791 CO2e metric tonnes

 
<>Total Emissions Annex B countries

 
<>Scope 1 activity emissions globally
<>229791 CO2e metric tonnes

 
<>Scope 1 activity emissions Annex B
<>0 CO2e metric tonnes

 
<>Scope 2 activity emissions globally

 
<>Scope 2 activity emissions Annex B

 
<>Please state MWh electricity purchased consumed company globally
1509 MWh

 
<>Please state MWh electricity purchased consumed company Annex B countries
0 MWh

 
<>Please state percentage purchased consumed MWh electricity renewables globally
0 %

 
<>Please state percentage purchased consumed MWh electricity renewables Annex B countries
0 %

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided
 Yes 
Cairn currently records Scope 1 emissions figure provided 'Total Global Emissions' 'Scope 1 Activity Emissions Globally'

 
Question 2(c) – Scope 3 GHG Protocol Year 1 answers
<>Please enter accounting year used report GHG emissions details
28 2007

 
<>If possible provide estimates metric tonnes CO2e following categories emissions Use/disposal company’ s products services

 
<>Your supply chain

 
<>External distribution/logisitics

 
<>Employee business travel

 
<>Other

 
<>Please provide details sources emissions entered figure "Other" box

 
<>Please provide information measurement scope 3 emissions

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided

 
Section B – 3 Additional Greenhouse Gas Emissions Accounting
Question 3(a) – Scope 1 Scope 2 GHG Protocol emissions country
Using methodology set 2(a) state emissions country NB practical list emissions country country basis list countries significant emissions context business combine remainder “ rest world” information format (e g Excel) attach
<>
Country Scope 1
Emissions (Tonnes CO2e)
Scope 2
Emissions (Tonnes CO2e)
India 210342
Rest World 19449

 
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Question 3(b) – Facilities covered EU Emissions Trading Scheme
provide details total emissions metric tonnes CO2e facilities covered EU ETS details allowances issued applicable National Allocation Plans
<>Emissions total facilities covered EU ETS figure metric tonnes CO2e

 
<>Total number allowances issued National Allocation Plans applicable installations covered EU ETS

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided
 Yes 
question applicable Cairn operations EU operate Indian subcontinent present

 
Question 3(c) – EU ETS impact
<>What impact profitability EU Emissions Trading Scheme
applicable Cairn operate Indian Subcontinent present

 
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Section B – 4 Greenhouse Gas Emissions Management
Question 4(a)(i) Reduction programmes
emission reduction programs does company place include reduction programs related operations energy consumption supply chain product use/disposal
<>Does company emissions reduction program
 Yes 

 
<>What baseline year emissions reduction program (YYYY format 1990)

 
<>If use baseline year reduction programme provide details reference point programme
Cairn setting year year targets CH4 GHG emissions 2000 implemented initiatives reduce including installation high efficiency flares stage compression improving plant operations minimise volumes gas flared plant upsets exploring application CDM Mangala development Rajasthan 2004

 
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Question 4(a)(ii) Reduction programmes
emissions reduction targets period targets extend
<>Emissions reductions target (%)

 
<>Time frame reduction target

 
<>Further information
Emissions' targets previous years presented targets maintain reduce CH4 emissions producing fields % previous year year Cairn India separating rest Cairn Energy (IPO January 2007) presented actual targets possible compare data year 2007 targets CH4 emissions (equity share) production activities 0 08 tonnes 1 000 tonnes hydrocarbon produced GHG emissions (equity share) production activities 19 15 tonnes CO2E 1 000 tonnes hydrocarbon produced implemented initiatives reduce GHG emissions including installation high efficiency flares stage compression improving plant operations minimise volumes gas flared plant upsets fixed targets assessing feasibility emission reduction projects possible qualification CDM rules detailed analysis required ascertain project viable targets

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided

 
Question 4(a)(iii) Reduction programmes
<>What investment been/will required achieve targets (In $)

 
<>Over time period (In years)

 
<>More
Investment GHG reduction Monitoring emissions investment terms staff time hard provide figure US$ Emission reduction initiatives (installation high efficiency flares stage compression improving plant operations minimise volumes gas flared plant upsets) approx US$2 5 millionCDM project expenditure date approx US$50 000

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided

 
Question 4(a)(iv) Reduction programmes
<>What emissions reductions associated costs savings achieved date result program
Emission reduction initiatives stage gas compression 47% reduction volume gas flared

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided

 
Question 4(a)(v) Reduction programmes
<>What renewable energy energy efficiency activities undertaking manage emissions
monitor energy efficiency benchmarking OGP annual average 2000 performance signicantly better OGP average

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided

 
Question 4(b) Emissions trading
company’ s strategy trading EU Emissions Trading Scheme CDM/JI projects trading systems (e g CCX RGGI etc) relevant Explain involvement following
<>EU ETS
applicable Cairn

 
<>CDM/JI
operations located developing countries Kyoto Protocol provides countries opportunity incentive control growth emissions Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) 2004 Cairn exploring case GHG reduction measures developed Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) study conducted 2006 identified potential CDM projects Rajasthan development program currently conducting research including detailed financial analysis ascertain feasibility emission reduction projects possible qualification CDM rules

 
<>CCX

 
<>RGGI

 
<>Others

 
<>More

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided

 
Question 4(c) Emissions intensity
state measurement believe best describes company’ s emissions intensity performance historical current emissions intensity measurements targets
<>Best measurement emissions intensity company
report emissions 1000 tonnes hydrocarbon produced line International Assocation Oil Gas Producers (OGP) benchmarks performance oil gas industry

 
<>Historical intensity details
emissions intensity performance better OGP average started recording data 2000 Data years included 2003 2004 2005 2006Cairn CH4 Emissions tonnes/1000 tonnes hydrocarbon 0 26 0 17 0 16 0 17OGP Benchmark CH4 Emissions tonnes/1000 tonnes hydrocarbon 1 3 1 1 1 11 available Cairn GHG Emissionstonnes/1000 tonnes hydrocarbon 35 92 36 52 39 19 42 58OGP Benchmark GHG Emissionstonnes/1000 tonnes hydrocarbon 153 162 156 available

 
<>Current intensity details
current emissions intensity performance remains better OGP average

 
<>Target details
aim maintain emissions intensity levels industry average 2007 targets follows CH4 emissions (equity share) production activities 0 08 tonnes 1000 tonnes hydrocarbon produced GHG emissions (equity share) production activities 19 15 tonnes CO2E 1000 tonnes hydrocarbon produced

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided

 
Question 4(d) Energy costs
total costs energy consumption e g fossil fuels electric power percentage total operating costs does represent
<>Total costs energy consumption (in US$)

 
<>Percentage total operating costs (%)

 
<>More Details
monitor energy consumption monitor specifically cost associated consumption energy generated production sites using small portion produced gas exploration activities energy principally generated diesel energy consumption industry average tonne hydrocarbon produced compiled reported International Association Oil Gas Producers (OGP)

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided

 
Question 4(e) Planning
estimate company’ s future emissions provide details estimates summarize methodology factor cost future emissions capital expenditure planning considerations impact investment decisions
<>Do estimate company’ s future emissions
 Yes 

 
<>Please provide details estimates summarize methodology provide details estimate company's future emissions
estimate emissions year year based proposed activities coming year compared previous year's performance corresponding emissions

 
<>How factor cost future emissions capital expenditure planning
consider costs future emissions e g Rajasthan looking feasibility costs emission reduction projects possibly qualification CDM rules

 
<>Have considerations impact investment decisions

 
<>Please provide details

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided

 
Section B – 5 Climate Change Governance - Responsibility
Question 5(a)(i) Responsibility
<>Which Board Committee executive body overall responsibility climate change
Mike Watts Cairn's Exploration & New Business Director assigned specific responsibility HSE matters including climate change supported Steve Welton Head Engineering CR & Risk

 
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Question 5(a)(ii) Responsibility
<>What mechanism Board executive body reviews company’ s progress status regarding climate change
Cairn Corporate Responsibility Committee management staff exececutive board members committee meets approximately quarterly review Cairn's CR performance strategy climate change CR performance reported Board Meeting includes quarterly reporting performance environmental targets

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided

 
Question 5(b) Individual performance
<>Do provide incentive mechanisms managers reference activities relating climate change strategy including attainment GHG targets

 
<>If provide details

 
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General Information
<>Please add general information attachments related specific question like include response

 
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