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Respondent CDP 2009: BP

General introduction
global energy company providing 2% world's primary energy responsibility help world meet increasing demand energy sustainable way BP recognizes paradox energy provides society heat light mobility fuelling economic growth development simultaneously presents environmental social challenges position climate change covers key points major issue BP accepts findings Intergovernmental Panel Climate Change global warming unequivocal ‘ likely’ human activity accept order avoid dangerous consequences climate change temperature increases probably need limited degrees Celsius pre industrial levels Collaboration required Climate change global issue requires countries sectors industry society large play Tough decisions Governments need make tough decisions balance pressures climate change economic development energy security Driven policy scale change required address issue means achieved government policy drive emissions reduction stimulate investments low carbon technologies Energy efficiency Energy efficiency major role play technical improvements changed attitudes right policies major reduction energy use emissions achieved low cost Innovation Innovation needed address challenge need important existing technologies CCS demonstration phase scale implementation rapid timescale


Risk and Opportunities
1 Regulatory Risks (CDP6 1(a)(i))
1 1 company exposed regulatory risks related climate change
We consider our company to be exposed to regulatory risks. 
group’ s internal control designed meet expectations internal control Combined Code UK COSO (committee sponsoring organizations Treadway Commission) internal control complete set management systems organizational structures processes standards behaviours employed conduct business BP deliver returns shareholders design internal control addresses risks respond component itself device respond particular type collection risks risk management provides response risks group significance establishment standards controls Inability identify assess respond risks controls lead inability capture opportunities threats materializing inefficiency non compliance laws regulations risks categorized following areas strategic compliance control operational BP identified material risk business activity stated Annual Report (20 F) page 8 "Climate change carbon pricing Compliance changes laws regulations obligations relating climate change result substantial capital expenditure reduced profitability changes operating costs revenue generation strategic growth opportunities impacted "Our view strong probability stringent climate legislation OECD countries years probability legislation increased year partly change administration legal developments Clean Air Act note currently significant energy security concerns strong drivers energy policy cases coincide climate objectives (eg energy efficiency) cases present tension (eg use coal) development policy Annual Report (20 F) page 40 contains assessment regulatory developments "Climate change programmesIn response rising concerns climate change governments continue identify fiscal regulatory measures local national international levels December 1997 Conference Parties United Nations Framework Convention Climate Change (UNFCCC) Kyoto Japan participants agreed differentiated international legally binding targets commitment period 2008 2012 2005 Kyoto protocol came force committing 176 participating countries emissions targets Kyoto designed step policymakers continue discuss new agreement follow 2012 recently UNFCCC conference Poznan Poland December 2008 larger EU stationary assets subject EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) extended Norway reciprocal agreement inclusion Norwegian assets fifth reported 2008 global CO2 emissions covered scheme March 2007 European Council European Heads Government decided adopt Climate Action Renewable Energy Package legislation voted European Parliament December 2008 package includes commitment reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions 20% 2020 (the target 30% international agreement reached) improved energy efficiency EU Member States 20% 2020 20% renewable energy target 2020 Australian government set target reduce GHG emissions 60% 2000 levels 2050 December 2008 Australian government released Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme White Paper outlining design emissions trading scheme effect mid 2010 draft legislation expected early 2009 Australian government proposes cover 70% emissions sources sectors combination direct obligations facilities large emissions obligations upstream fuel suppliers emissions resulting combustion fuel December government announced 2020 GHG emission targets range 5 15% reduction 2000 levels scheme builds existing National Greenhouse Energy Reporting Australian mandatory reporting corporate greenhouse gas emissions energy production consumption reporting period commenced 1 July 2008 congress continues propose new climate change legislation regulation new law December 2007 includes stricter corporate average fuel emissions standards automobiles sold biofuel mandates bills currently consideration propose stricter emissions limits large GHG sources and/or introduction cap trade programme CO2 GHG emissions April 2007 Supreme Court decision require Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) reconsider determination required regulate GHGs motor vehicles Clean Air Act (CAA) Supreme Court’ s ruling expected result EPA regulating motor vehicle GHG emissions expected increase pressure EPA regulate stationary sources GHGs (e g refineries chemical plants) provisions CAA response Supreme Court’ s decision EPA issued Advanced Notice Proposed Rulemaking (ANPR) ANPR addresses complexities involved controlling greenhouse gases CAA including potential overlap future legislation regulation existing CAA Fiscal Year 2008 Consolidated Appropriations Act Congress directed EPA publish mandatory GHG reporting rule issuing proposed rule months (by September 2008) final rule 18 months (by June 2009) EPA developed draft language proposed rule released early new administration Congress likely develop new legislation GHG regulation new regulation CAA likely proceed Additional GHG regulation issued laws National Environmental Protection Act (NEPA) Endangered Species Act (ESA) December 2008 California Air Resources Board (CARB) approved final Proposed Scoping Plan implementing Assembly 32 California’ s law reduce GHG emissions 1990 levels 2020 Implementation measures developed 2012 advance Scoping Plan CARB taken early actions development mandatory GHG reporting Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) LCFS require refiners producers blenders importers reduce carbon intensity transport fuel sold California 10% 2020 CARB released draft LCFS regulations October 2008 final regulations expected taken March 2009 March 2008 Canadian federal government updated April 2007 Framework Report Action Plan address climate change reduce emissions 20% 2006 levels 2020 greater 60% 2050 sector approach domestic development deployment new technologies projects conventional oil gas industry intensity based targets included plan April 2007 Framework Report remain likely oil sands industry stringent requirements likely emerge upcoming projects include requirements significant reductions including implementation large scale carbon capture sequestration conclusion recent Canadian Federal elections increased discussion possibility aligning regulations including possible inclusion North America wide cap trade "

 
information

 
2 Physical Risks (CDP6 1(a)(ii))
2 1 company exposed physical risks climate change
We consider our company to be exposed to physical risks. 
group’ s internal control designed meet expectations internal control Combined Code UK COSO (committee sponsoring organizations Treadway Commission) internal control complete set management systems organizational structures processes standards behaviours employed conduct business BP deliver returns shareholders design internal control addresses risks respond component itself device respond particular type collection risks risk management provides response risks group significance establishment standards controls Inability identify assess respond risks controls lead inability capture opportunities threats materializing inefficiency non compliance laws regulations risks categorized following areas strategic compliance control operational 2005 integrity operations severely challenged hurricanes Katrina Rita struck assets Like petroleum companies BP invests heavily engineering structures vulnerable modest changes local climate size exposure changing risk future operational integrity current facilities understood adapting world extreme weather common risk engineering solutions consequently increasing construction abandonment costs addressing issues carrying research jointly Imperial College London understand better potential impacts BP's operations posed changing climate

 
information

 
3 Risks (CDP6 1(a)(iii))
3 1 company exposed risks result climate change
We consider our company to be exposed to other risks. 
BP exposed variety changes energy price demand indirect impacts climate regulation energy markets

 
information

 
4 Regulatory Opportunities (CDP6 1(b)(i))
4 1 regulatory requirements climate change present opportunities company
Regulatory requirements present opportunities for my company. 
Curent anticipated regulation creating fast growing markets low carbon sources energy BP pursuing business startegy BP commitment invest $8bn decade 2015 Alternative Energy business BP Alternative Energy launched November 2005 combines BP's interests businesses provide low carbon energy solutions power generation solar wind biofuel hydrogen power carbon capture storage (CCS) 20F Report oultines progress area (p 33) "Alternative EnergyBP invested $1 4 billion Alternative Energy business 2008 bringing total investment business $2 9 billion launch 2005 expect fulfil original 2005 commitment invest total $8 billion 10 years 2008 prioritized areas significant long term growth potential – wind solar biofuels carbon capture storage (CCS) developed fifth area – gas fired power – offers synergies BP operations concentrated 2008 investment areas Wind – net rated capacity year end (megawatts) 432 (2008) 172 (2007) 43 (2006)Net wind capacity sum rated capacities assets/turbines entered commercial operation including BP’ s share equity accounted entities equivalent capacities gross JV basis (which includes 100% capacity equity accounted entities BP partial ownership) 785MW 2008 373MW 2007 43MW 2006 Solar – cell production capacity year end (megawatts) 213 (2008) 228 (2007) 201 (2006)Solar capacity theoretical cell production capacity annum house manufacturing facilities WindSince launch Alternative Energy substantially grown wind portfolio increasing 32 megawatts (MW) operation 432MW (785MW gross) end 2008 total 500MW (1 000MW gross) installed capacity increase capacity led installations Cedar Creek Silver Star Sherbino Edom Hills accelerate growth wind energy market acquired fully integrated wind power development companies – Greenlight Energy Orion Energy LLC 2006 secure continuing availability turbines signed agreements Nordex (Germany) GE (the US) combined 900MW delivered years addition year wind turbine contract previously signed Clipper Windpower 2006 operate wind farms Netherlands Maharashtra India SolarWe continued implement BP Solar’ s strategy invest lower cost manufacturing technology enable energy sourced products compete conventional electricity global business model spans entire solar ‘ value chain’ – acquisition silicon raw material production wafers cells creation solar panels sold distributed solar systems roofs residential homes large commercial buildings vacant land Today BP Solar’ s main production facilities located Maryland (US) Madrid (Spain) Xi’ (China) Bangalore (India) 2008 increasingly competitive market conditions BP Solar announced plans refocus operations larger scale plants achieve lower cost manufacturing resulted start intensive programme operational efficiency improvement remaining BP Solar plants plans close manufacturing plant Australia 2008 BP Solar signed contracts select set party strategic partners Asia specialize production low cost high quality wafers cells modules 2008 BP Solar achieved sales 162MW increase 41% 115MW 2007 slight decrease solar production capacity damage section manufacturing plant IndiaMore 70% sales volume party distributors residential markets Europe Australasia continued roll Certified Installer Programme (CIP) established Germany ensure safe high quality installation products parties CIP grown rapidly Germany year rolled Spain Australia 2008 continued supply large corporations sustainable energy solutions completing second solar FedEx Freight California installations Wal Mart Europe expanded relationship Banco Santander jointly build finance number solar plants Spain construction 8 megawatts peak (MWp) solar farm Toledo 6MWp project Tenerife Asia completed installation solar power demonstration project (SolarSail) Guangdong Science Center SolarSail absorbs sunlight produce power providing cool shade visitors Australia largest roof solar (100 kilowatt) New South Wales commenced operation February 2008 representing commercial solar power installation Blacktown Solar City Project Solar Cities Programme government initiative implement distributed solar energy efficient technologies seven Australian cities developing new silicon growth process named Mono2 TM increase cell efficiency traditional multicrystalline based solar cells moved prototype low volume production converted casting stations Frederick Maryland delivering 1 2MW Mono² TM trials seeing significant improvement power generated kWh compared multicrystalline based solar cells particularly modules used sunlight low BP Solar long term relationships world class universities invests research programmes organizations including University Delaware California Institute Technology (Cal Tech) Fraunhofer Institute (Germany) BP Solar selected Solar America Initiative (SAI) award Department Energy – $40 million research development programme aimed decreasing cost solar cells increasing efficiency BP Solar member broad consortium led DuPont conjunction University Delaware funded Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) develop high efficiency solar cells BiofuelsBP key role play enabling transport sector respond dual challenges energy security climate change investments focused sustainable feedstocks minimize pressure food supplies research advanced technologies practices make good biofuels better embarked focused programme biofuels development based efficient transformation sustainable low cost sugars range fuel molecules include bioethanol Brazilian sugar cane efficient fuel molecules like biobutanol advanced biofuels like lignocellulosic bioethanol produced non food energy grasses ‘ purpose’ feedstocks miscanthus energy cane BP announced plans invest excess $1 billion building biofuels business operations including partnerships companies develop technologies feedstocks processes required produce advanced biofuels investments include 50% stake Tropical BioEnergia joint venture Santelisa Vale Maeda Group produce bioethanol sugar cane $90 million investment strategic alliance Verenium Corporation accelerate development commercialization biofuels produced lignocellulosic bioethanol working DuPont 2003 explore new approaches development biofuels product collaboration advanced fuel molecule called biobutanol higher energy content ethanol partnered ABF (British Sugar) DuPont construct world scale biofuels plant Hull Innovation begins research 2006 announced plans invest $500 million 10 years Energy Biosciences Institute (EBI) biotechnologists investigating applications biotechnology energy including advanced fuels incremental $1 billion investments mentioned partners University California Berkeley University Illinois Urbana Champaign Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory EBI focusing integrated development better crops better processing technologies better biofuels leading cleaner energy Hydrogen powerIn 2007 BP Rio Tinto announced formation new jointly owned company Hydrogen Energy International Limited develop decarbonized energy projects world venture initially focus hydrogen fuelled power generation using fossil fuels CCS technology produce new large scale supplies clean electricity Hydrogen Energy working developing low carbon power plants projects Abu Dhabi California – manufacturing hydrogen power generation instances captured CO2 willbe transported nearby oil fields use enhanced oil recovery CO2 stored deep underground General Electric BP formed global alliance jointly develop deploy technology hydrogen power plants significantly reduce emissions greenhouse gas CO2 electricity generation initiatives BP intends continue shape development CCS value chain seek minimize carbon footprint exposure BP group carbon pricing policy develops globally Gas fired powerOur gas fired power activities comprise modern combined cycle gas turbine plants emit 50% CO2 conventional coal plant capacity low carbon generation gas power facilities stakes plants worldwide year increased total power capable producing 5GW 6GW possible integrate plants BP production facilities Whiting Clean Energy facility acquired July 2008 provides reliable source steam Whiting refinery adding 250MW steam turbine existing plant Texas City refinery combined cycle plants providing base load demand BP’ s major upstream gas production developments "

 
information

 
5 Physical Opportunities (CDP6 1(b)(ii))
5 1 physical changes resulting climate change present opportunities company
Physical changes do not present opportunities for my company. 
believe broader implications changes future energy markets material opportunities physical changes climate change

 
information

 
6 Opportunities (CDP6 1(b)(iii))
6 1 Does climate change present opportunities company
Climate change does not present other opportunities for my company. 
believe broader implications changes future energy markets material opportunities climate change

 
information

 
Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions Accounting, Emissions Intensity, Energy and Trading
7 Reporting Year (CDP6 Q2(a)(ii))
Information respond section “ Greenhouse Gas Protocol Corporate Accounting Reporting Standard (Revised Edition)” developed World Resources Institute World Business Council Sustainable Development (“ GHG Protocol” ) http //www ghgprotocol org/ ISO 14064 1 compatible GHG Protocol number regional/national programme protocols information http //www ghgprotocol org/ use guidance button provide CDP responses questions 7 8 9 10 1 10 2 11 1 11 2 years prior current reporting year time answered CDP information request work backwards current reporting year enter data oldest reporting period Questions 10 1 10 2 11 1 11 2 subsequent webpages dates answer question 7 carried forwards automatically populate webpages
7 1 state start date end date year reporting GHG emissions
Start date 01 January 2008End date 31 December 2008Financial accounting year 01 January 2008

 
8 Reporting Boundary (CDP6 Q2(a)(i)) 8 1 indicate category describes company entities group Scope 1 Scope 2 GHG emissions reported
Companies in which an equity share is held. 

 
8 2 state parts business sources GHG emissions excluded reporting boundary
reported emissions include TNK BP operations

 
9 Methodology (CDP6 Q2(a)(iii)) 9 1 process used company calculate Scope 1 Scope 2 GHG emissions including standard protocol methodology used collect activity data calculate Scope 1 Scope 2 GHG emissions provide answer text box addition description relevant select methodology list published methodologies aid automated analysis data
BP's Environmental Performance Reporting Guidelines comprise detailed reporting instructions calculation methodologies covering wide range environmental parameters including GHG emissions reporting boundaries emissions calculation approach consistent GHG Protocol IPIECA/API/OGP Petroleum Industry Guidelines BP Guidelines recommend tiered approach calculating emissions requiring use approaches (tiers) based determination fuel consumption fuel properties major sources use emission factors minor sources feasible determine actual fuel properties BP defaults IPCC emission factors industry specific "process" emissions BP Guidelines recommend emission factors API Compendium Greenhouse Gas Emission Methodologies Oil Gas Industry

 
Select methodologies
BP's own reporting guidelines as described above.


 
provide

 
9 2 Details assumptions

 
9 3 names links calculation tools used
BP operations free use calculation tools developed internally parties consistent reporting guidelines

 
Select calculation tools

 
9 4 global warming potentials applied origin
Global Warming Potentials taken IPCC Second Assessment Report GWP methane 21

 
9 5 emission factors applied origin

 
information

 
10 Scope 1 Direct GHG Emissions (CDP6 Q2(b)(i))
Instructions question 10 question 11 (following page)When providing answers questions 10 11 deduct offset credits Renewable Energy Certificates net estimated avoided emissions export renewable energy carbon sequestration (including enhanced oil recovery) use goods services Opportunities provide details activities reduce avoid emissions provided information request Carbon dioxide emissions biologically sequestered carbon e g carbon dioxide burning biomass/biofuels reported separately emissions Scopes 1 2 3 relevant report emissions question 15 include nitrous oxide methane emissions biomass/biofuel combustion emissions scopes
answer following questions using Table 1 provide 10 1 Total gross global Scope 1 GHG emissions metric tonnes CO2 ePlease break total gross global Scope 1 emissions 10 2 Country regionPlease provide CDP responses questions 10 1 10 2 years prior current reporting year time answered CDP information request work backwards current reporting year enter data oldest reporting period Table 1 (below) table 5 (Q11 1 11 2) automatically populated dates answer 7 1 Electric utilities report emissions country/region using table question EU3 Table 1 use numbers Use “ Other” option drop menu enter region
Reporting year Q7.1 Start date 01/01/2008
Reporting year Q7.1 End date 31/12/2008
10.1 Total gross global Scope 1 GHG
emissions in metric tonnes CO2-e
61400000

10.2 Gross Scope 1 emissions in metric tonnes CO2-e by country or region

USA 26170000
Germany 5300000
United Kingdom 3510000
Trinidad 2990000
Australia 2470000
Netherlands 2140000
Argentina 1560000
China 1530000
Egypt 1530000
Canada 1520000
Spain 1400000
Angola 1260000
United Arab Emirates 1130000
Azerbaijan 780000
Colombia 770000
Vietnam 650000
Indonesia 610000
Republic Korea 540000

 
answer question 10 1 automatically carried forward tables 2 3 add country region answer 10 2 press “ Save” end page tick box total gross global Scope 1 figure (Q10 1) includes emissions transferred outside reporting boundary (as given answer 8 1) report transfers 13 5

 
facilitate better understanding business break total global Scope 1 emissions 10 3 Business divisionand/or10 4 Facility10 3 Business division (only data current reporting year requested)Table 2 use numbers
Business Divisions - Enter names below
Scope 1 Metric tonnes CO2-e
Total gross global Scope 1 GHG emissions in metric tonnes CO2-e - answer to question Q10.1 61400000
Exploration & Production 28230000
Refining & Marketing 26340000
6840000

 
10 4 Facility (only data current reporting year requested)Table 3 use numbers
Facilities - Enter names below
Scope 1 Metric tonnes CO2-e
Total gross global Scope 1 GHG emissions in metric tonnes CO2-e - answer to question Q10.1 61400000

 
10 5 break total global Scope 1 GHG emissions metric tonnes gas metric tonnes CO2 e GHG type (Only data current reporting year requested )Table 4 use numbers
Scope 1 GHG Type
Unit
Quantity
CO2 Metric tonnes 57030000
CH4 Metric tonnes 208000
CH4 Metric tonnes CO2-e 4370000
N2O Metric tonnes
N2O Metric tonnes CO2-e
HFCs Metric tonnes
HFCs Metric tonnes CO2-e
PFCs Metric tonnes
PFCs Metric tonnes CO2-e
SF6 Metric tonnes
SF6 Metric tonnes CO2-e

 
10 6 provided information Scope 1 emissions response questions explain reasons plans collecting Scope 1 GHG emissions information future

 
information
Scope 1 emissions provided response Question actual emissions air reporting boundary CO2 transferred outside reporting boundary geologically stored reported "emissions"

 
11 Scope 2 Indirect GHG Emissions (CDP6 Q2(b)(i))
Important note emission factors zero low carbon electricity purchased emissions factor use calculating Scope 2 emissions depends electricity purchase counted calculating grid average emissions factor – supplier Electricity counted calculating grid average emissions factor electricity sourced grid electricity counted calculating grid average emissions factor Scope 2 emissions calculated using grid average emissions factor company purchases electricity zero low carbon electricity tariff Electricity counted calculating grid average emissions factor zero low carbon electricity sourced grid transmitted company electricity counted calculating grid average emissions factor specific method generation used provided certificates quantifying GHG related environmental benefits claimed electricity sold passed separately electricity purchased Click instructions previous page answering question 11
answer following questions using Table 5 provide 11 1 Total gross global Scope 2 GHG emissions metric tonnes CO2 e break total gross global Scope 2 emissions 11 2 Country regionPlease provide CDP responses questions 11 1 11 2 years prior current reporting year time answered CDP information request work backwards current reporting year enter data oldest reporting period Table 5 automatically populated dates gave answer 7 1 Table 5 use numbers Use “ Other” option drop menu enter region
Reporting year Q7.1 Start date 01/01/2008
Reporting year Q7.1 End date 31/12/2008
11.1 Total gross global Scope 2 GHG
emissions in metric tonnes CO2-e
9230000

11.2 Gross Scope 2 emissions in metric tonnes CO2-e by country or region

USA 5590000
Germany 670000
United Kingdom 430000
Trinidad 10000
Australia 390000
Netherlands 110000
China 610000
Canada 490000
Spain 60000
Indonesia 40000
Republic Korea 50000
Rest World 770000

 
answer 11 1 automatically carried forward tables 6 7 add country region answer 11 2 press “ Save” end page facilitate better understanding business break total global Scope 2 emissions 11 3 Business divisionand/or11 4 Facility11 3 Business division (only data current reporting year requested)Table 6 use numbers
Business Divisions - Enter names below
Scope 2 Metric tonnes CO2-e
Total gross global Scope 2 GHG emissions in metric tonnes CO2-e - answer to question Q11.1 9230000
Exploration & Production 1910000
Refining & Marketing 7190000
120000

 
11 4 Facility (only data current reporting year requested)Table 7 use numbers
Facilities - Enter names below
Scope 2 Metric tonnes CO2-e
Total gross global Scope 2 GHG emissions in metric tonnes CO2-e - answer to question Q11.1 9230000

 
11 5 provided information Scope 2 emissions response questions explain reasons plans collecting Scope 2 GHG emissions information future

 
information
Scope 2 emissions reported Question 11 include CO2

 
12 Contractual Arrangements Supporting Particular Types Electricity Generation (CDP6 Q2(b)(i) Guidance)
12 1 consider grid average factor used report Scope 2 emissions question 11 does reflect contractual arrangements electricity suppliers (for example purchase electricity using zero low carbon electricity tariff) calculate report contractual Scope 2 figure response question showing origin alternative emission factor information tariff

 
12 2 retire certificates (eg Renewable Energy Certificates) associated zero low carbon electricity provide details

 
information

 
13 Scope 3 Indirect GHG Emissions (CDP6 Q2(c))
following categories main sources emissions Report emissions metric tonnes CO2 e state methodology assumptions calculation tools databases emission factors (including sources) global warming potentials (including sources) used calculating emissions Notes question 13When providing answers question 13 deduct offset credits Renewable Energy Certificates net estimated avoided emissions export renewable energy carbon sequestration (including enhanced oil recovery) use goods services Opportunities provide details activities reduce avoid emissions provided information request Carbon dioxide emissions biologically sequestered carbon e g carbon dioxide burning biomass/biofuels reported separately emissions Scopes 1 2 3 relevant report emissions question 15 include nitrous oxide methane emissions biomass/biofuel combustion emissions scopes
13 1 Employee business travelDescribe main sources emissions

 
Emissions metric tonnes CO2 e

 
State methodology assumptions calculation tools databases emission factors (including sources) global warming potentials (including sources) used calculating emissions

 
13 2 External distribution/logisticsDescribe main sources emissions

 
Emissions metric tonnes CO2 e

 
State methodology assumptions calculation tools databases emission factors (including sources) global warming potentials (including sources) used calculating emissions

 
13 3 Use/disposal company’ s products servicesFor auto manufacture auto component companies – refer additional questions sectors completing question 13 3 main sources emissions
Customer emissions estimate carbon dioxide emissions resulting combustion BP's production natural gas refinery throughputs

 
Emissions metric tonnes CO2 e
515000000

 
State methodology assumptions calculation tools databases emission factors (including sources) global warming potentials (including sources) used calculating emissions
production natural gas refinery throughputs taken BP Financial Operating Information global average emission factors IPCC

 
13 4 Company supply chainDescribe main sources emissions

 
Emissions metric tonnes CO2 e

 
State methodology assumptions calculation tools databases emission factors (including sources) global warming potentials (including sources) used calculating emissions

 
13 5 OtherIf reporting emissions fall categories categorise transferred emissions non transferred emissions (please guidance explanation terms) report transfers input fields non transfers input fields TransfersDescribe main sources emissions

 
TransfersReport emissions metric tonnes CO2 e

 
TransfersState methodology assumptions calculation tools databases emission factors (including sources) global warming potentials (including sources) used calculating emissions

 
Non transfersDescribe main sources emissions

 
Non transfersReport emissions metric tonnes CO2 e

 
Non transfersState methodology assumptions calculation tools databases emission factors (including sources) global warming potentials (including sources) used calculating emissions

 
13 6 provided information categories Scope 3 GHG emissions response questions explain reasons plans collecting Scope 3 indirect emissions information future

 
information
terms materials used manufacture products BP effectively beginning supply chain terms fossil fuel production vast majority emissions related BP activities downstream supply chain BP case refined products chemicals products carbon feedstock represents majority material climate impact BP consumer fossil fuels produces primary energy operations generated hydrocarbons extract BP 135 000 different suppliers materials products services 100 countries providing huge range engineering technical construction retail financial computing legal services BP's suppliers report emissions publicly areas beginning evaluate supply chain emissions identify ways effect reductions complete inventory BP's supply chain emissions viewed practical material relative BP's operational product related emissions Data external distribution/logistics employee business travel supply chain available fully built Group level data

 
14 Emissions Avoided Use Goods Services (New CDP 2009)
14 1 goods and/or services enable GHG emissions avoided party provide details including estimated avoided emissions anticipated timescale emissions avoided methodology assumptions emission factors (including sources) global warming potentials (including sources) used estimations
BP's Alternative Energy business focusses low carbon business opportunities wind solar biofuels carbon capture storage (CCS) looked methodologies characterise life cycle carbon intensity products products replace order estimate avoided emissions Estimates avoided emissions prepared number specific projects based local circumstances Based current plans track deliver 24 Mte/yr emission reductions 2015 attributable low carbon business activities forecast launch 2005

 
information

 
15 Carbon Dioxide Emissions Biologically Sequestered Carbon (New CDP 2009)
example carbon dioxide burning biomass/biofuels

 
15 1 provide total global carbon dioxide emissions metric tonnes CO2 biologically sequestered carbon Emissions metric tonnes CO2 use numbers

 
information

 
16 Emissions Intensity (CDP6 Q3(b))
16 1 supply financial emissions intensity measurement reporting year combined Scope 1 2 emissions measurement
BP does use financial emissions intensity metric recognises choose calculate based emissions financial data public record

 
16 1 1 units example units metric tonnes CO2 e million Yen turnover metric tonnes CO2 e US$ profit metric tonnes CO2 e thousand Euros turnover

 
16 1 2 resulting figure Use decimal point necessary use “ ” “ ” e write 15 6 15 6

 
16 2 supply activity related intensity measurement reporting year combined Scope 1 2 emissions measurement
BP uses GHG/unit activity intensity metric major operational areas (E& P R& M Chemicals) publishes data business segment basis attached file details does report total intensity metric BP single figure significant portion BP total emissions amenable normalisation

 
16 2 1 units e g metric tonnes CO2 e metric tonne output service sector businesses unit service provided

 
16 2 2 resulting figure Use decimal point necessary use “ ” “ ” e write 15 6 15 6

 
information

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17 Emissions History (CDP6 Q2(f))
17 1 emissions reporting year vary significantly compared previous years
Yes 
total 2008 GHG emissions 61 4MteCO2e direct equity basis 2 1Mte lower 63 5MteCO2e reported 2007 principal reason drop reported emissions 2008 result 2 12 Mte reduction linked protocol changes largest derived BP Shipping's change (1 91 Mte) treatment time charters better align industry practice emissions reporting long term time charters previously accounted half BP Shipping’ s emissions long term time charter emissions longer included reported total continue track internally form important overall supply chain Operational changes year (including increased utilization Texas City refinery higher production Trinidadian LNG joint venture start production facilities Gulf Mexico including Atlantis Thunder Horse (full year effects) Angola) accounted total increase emissions profile 1 24 Mte increase offset net reduction 0 73 Mte corporate restructuring (including reduction Toledo refinery 2008 effect Coryton refinery divestment 2007 outweighed increases acquisitions Whiting Cogeneration facility Chesapeake shale gas assets US) delivery 0 45 Mte sustainable emission reductions attached file details

 
answer 17 1 Yes 17 1 1 Estimate percentage emissions vary compared previous reporting year box accept numerical answers containing decimal point use " " " " e write 10 6 10 6
3.3 %

 
emissions increased decreased
Decreased 

 
information

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18 External Verification/Assurance (CDP6 Q2(d))
18 1 information reported response questions 10 – 15 externally verified/assured
Yes, it has been externally verified/assured in whole or in part.(Please continue with questions 18.2 to 18.5) 

 
aid automated analysis responses select responses tick boxes use text box provided tick boxes menu options appropriate

 
18 2 State scope/boundary emissions included verification/assurance exercise
Scope 1 Q10.1
Scope 2 Q11.1
Scope 3 use/disposal of company’s products inc services Q13.3


 
use text box scope/boundary emissions included verification/assurance exercise tick box menu options applicable
emissions data calendar year 2008 corresponding BP global totals taken BP Sustainability Report 2008 covered assurance statement provided BP management independent auditors Ernst Young copy E& Y assurance statement included attached copy Sustainability Report 2008 emissions data corresponding individual countries explicitly covered E& Y assurance statement collected collated using assured processes

 
18 3 State level assurance (eg reasonable limited) given
Limited

 
18 4 Provide copy verification/assurance statement attach copy/copies

Download attachment
 
18 5 Specify standard information verified/assured
documents attached response Q 18 4

 
18 6 information provided response questions 10 15 verified state plans GHG emissions accounting information externally verified/assured future

 
information

 
19 Data Accuracy (CDP6 Q2(e) – New wording CDP 2009)
19 1 main sources uncertainty data gathering handling calculations e g data gaps assumptions extrapolation metering/measurement inaccuracies gather emissions data select emissions data gathered proceed question 20
Emission data is gathered. 
BP collects GHG emissions data 250 facilities worldwide ranging size 3 million tonnes CO2e year tens tonnes year facilities participate GHG programs (mandatory voluntary) "regulatory quality" data required Europe California sources uncertainty vary considerably facility simpler smallest single commercial fuel single meter complex refinery different fuels varying composition numerous facility specific process sources BP Reporting Guidelines provide recommended calculation/estimation methodologies specify internal processes ensure data reported facilities accurate complete undertaken formal uncertainty analysis GHG emissions inventory years historic data able account small changes year

 
19 2 uncertainties affect accuracy reported data percentage terms estimated standard deviation

 
19 3 Does company report GHG emissions mandatory voluntary scheme (other CDP) requires accuracy assessment
Yes (Please answer the following questions - 19.3.1, 19.3.2). 

 
19 3 1 provide scheme
EU emissions trading scheme 

 
19 3 2 provide accuracy assessment GHG emissions reported scheme report delivered
BP EU ETS installation submits statutory annual emissions report declares "tier" level accuracy employed determine quantity fuel calorific value carbon content oxidation factor fuel source stream demonstrate compliance requirements installation's monitoring plan assess accuracy reported emissions BP regards matter statutory compliance BP installation regulator managed locally data little value context complete verified emissions report reason consolidate group level

 
information

 
20 Energy Fuel Requirements Costs (New CDP 2009)
provide following information reporting year Cost purchased energy
20 1 total cost electricity heat steam cooling purchased company

 
Select currency

 
20 1 1 break costs individual energy type Table 8 “ Cost” column accept text use numbers
Energy type
Cost
Currency
 Electricity
 Heat
 Steam
 Cooling

 
Cost purchased fuel20 2 total cost fuel purchased company mobile stationary combustion

 
Select currency

 
20 2 1 breakdown costs individual fuel type Table 9 cost column accept text use numbers
Mobile combustion fuels
Cost
Currency

 
Stationary combustion fuels
Cost
Currency

 
Energy fuel inputsThe following questions designed establish company’ s requirements energy fuel (inputs) note MWh preferred unit answers helps comparability analysis usually associated electricity equally used represent energy content fuels (see CDP2009 Reporting Guidance information conversions MWh) Purchased energy input20 3 company’ s total consumption purchased energy MWh use numbers

 
Purchased self produced fuel input20 4 company’ s total consumption MWh fuels stationary combustion includes purchased fuels biomass self produced fuels relevant use numbers

 
answering question used Higher Heating Values (also known Gross Calorific Values) Lower Heating Values (also known Net Calorific Values) state used calculating answers

 
20 4 1 break total consumption fuels reported answer question 20 4 individual fuel type MWh Table 10 use numbers
Stationary combustion fuels
MWh

 
Energy outputIn question ask information energy MWh generated company fuel uses Comparing energy contained fuel combustion (question 20 4) energy available use combustion indication efficiency combustion processes taking industry sector account 20 5 total energy generated MWh fuels reported question 20 4 use numbers

 
20 6 total MWh renewable energy excluding biomass self generated company use numbers

 
Energy exportsThis question companies export energy surplus requirements example company use electricity combined heat power plant export heat organisation 20 7 percentage energy reported response question 20 5 exported/sold company grid parties use numbers

 
20 8 percentage renewable energy reported response question 20 6 exported/sold company grid parties use numbers

 
information
producing energy oil gas industry major consumer energy Energy required extract hydrocarbons process transform transport final users addition committed reducing environmental impacts operations BP strong incentive save energy improve efficiency large share energy costs represent overall costs running businesses continue strive energy efficiency operations like operational issues managed local level using fit purpose metrics key performance indicators benchmark performance peers using specially designed performance indicators energy efficiency performance managed locally consolidate group level comprehensive package data report performance annually website attached file little alignment data selected report performance data requested Question 20 avoid potential misinterpretation data suggest interested reader refers attachment reaches conclusion performance

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21 EU Emissions Trading Scheme (CDP6 Q2(g)(i) – New wording CDP 2009)
Electric utilities report allowances emissions using table question EU5 21 1 Does company operate ownership facilities covered EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS)
Yes (Please answer the following questions - 21.2 to 21.4) 

 
details 21 2 allowances allocated free year Phase II facilities operate (Even wholly facilities number allowances) Table 11 use numbers
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Free allowances metric tonnes CO2 12593074 12593074 12593074 12593074 12593074

 
21 3 total allowances purchased national auctioning processes period 1 January 2008 31 December 2008 facilities operate (Even wholly facilities total allowances purchased auctions facilities period) Total allowances purchased auction

 
21 4 total CO2 emissions 1 January 2008 31 December 2008 facilities operate (Even wholly facilities total emissions period )Total emissions metric tonnes
13036412

 
information
number allowances allocated free entered 21 2 2008 emissions 21 4 based number allowances total reported emissions facilities (installations) operated BP number allowances allocated free entered 21 2 does include potential additional allowances New Entrant Reserve BP's participation auctions regarded commercially sensitive

 
22 Emissions Trading (CDP6 Q2(g)(ii) New wording CDP 2009)
Electric utilities read EU6 answering questions
22 1 provide details emissions trading schemes EU ETS company participates likely participate years
We participate or anticipate participating in trading schemes other than the EU ETS in the next two years. 
Potential particpate National Systems Australia New ZealandState/Province Systems California Alberta

 
22 2 overall strategy complying schemes required elected participate including EU ETS
Affected installations make business decision comply investment emission reductions purchase allowances

 
information

 
22 Carbon credits
22 3 purchased project based carbon credits
Yes. (Please answer the following questions) 

 
indicate credits meet following commitments
Primarily for compliance purposes
We also purchase modest quantities of allowances for our TargetNeutral system - which allows customers to offset their emissions


 
22 4 Provide details including type unit volume vintage purchased standard/scheme credits verified issued retired (where applicable)
purchase CDM credits primarily support EU ETS compliance requirements regard details purchases proprietary information

 
22 5 involved origination project based carbon credits
Yes. (Please answer the following question) 

 
22 6 provide details including • role project(s) • locations technologies involved • standard/scheme projects being/have developed • emissions reductions validated verified • annual volumes generated/projected carbon credits • Retirement method used compliance offsetting
active various stages CDM projects regard proprietary information

 
22 7 involved trading allowances EU ETS and/or project based carbon credits separate business activity direct support business activity investment fund management provision offsetting services
No. (Please go to question 23) 

 
22 8 provide details role performed

 
information

 
Performance
23 Reduction plans & goals (CDP6 Q3(a))
23 1 Does company GHG emissions and/or energy reduction plan place
Yes. (Please go to question 23.3) 

 
23 2 explain aid automated analysis responses select response options using text box just use text box provided options appropriate

 
menu options appropriate answer question using text box

 
Goal setting23 3 emissions and/or energy reduction target(s)
Yes. (Please answer the following questions) 

 
23 4 baseline year target(s)
action climate change areas described response Q 23 8 areas lead tangible reductions emisisons use baselines follows Efficient operations Actions locally determined reliable corporate wide data 2001 frequently used baselineEfficient products report selected case studies progress areaLow carbon energy report reductions started Alternatiuve Energy business 2005

 
23 5 emissions and/or energy reduction target(s)
2002 committed increase operational GHG emissions 2012 benefits low carbon products measured 2001 baseline 2008 confirmed performance track deliver commitment determined linking operational low carbon energy activities longer practical useful driving emissions reduction plant level Instead decided manage operational emissions OMS requiring operation assess GHG performance look best practice new technologies incorporated operations improved way factor cost carbon engineering design optimization process continue monitor operational GHG performance comparator group international oil companies – believe processes putting place maintain improve competitive position decided scale activity low carbon businesses judged independent business decision designed create material future business opportunities BP Based current plans track deliver 24 Mte/yr emission reductions 2015 forecast launch low carbon business activities 2005 invest significant alternative energy technology compared peers

 
23 6 sources activities target(s) applies
action climate change areas follows Efficient operations maintain decade long efforts manage GHG emissions operations Efficient products work partnership vehicle equipment manufacturers improve overall efficiency use fuel lubricant products Low carbon energy build focused portfolio material renewable low carbon energy businesses Advocacy continue participate policy debate calling policy action price carbon stimulate renewable low carbon energy Innovation fund actively participate research technology policy help create options future

 
23 7 period/timescale does target(s) extend
Various locally determined

 
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23 GHG emissions energy reduction activities
23 8 activities undertaking planning undertake reduce emissions/energy use
action climate change areas follows Efficient operations maintain decade long efforts manage GHG emissions operations past seven years achieved real sustainable reductions 7 5MteCO2e 2008 reported 0 4MteCO2e reductions including example expansion use ‘ smart’ automation reduce venting improved completion procedures reduce flaring Wamsutter natural gas operations resulted emissions 48 000teCO2e lower Efficient products work partnership vehicle equipment manufacturers improve overall efficiency use fuel lubricant products Continued fuel lubricant product development produced number innovations offering Ultimate range advanced performance fuels 18 countries launched new gasoline offer 2008 featuring Invigorate formula designed enhance vehicle performance cleaning protecting engine BP fleet studies shown result lower emissions carbon monoxide CO2 nitrogen oxides unburned hydrocarbons Germany marketing low sulphur heating oil reduces average CO2 emissions 4% used conventional boilers enables higher reductions use condensing boilers Low carbon energy build focused portfolio material renewable low carbon energy businesses years operation built substantial diverse low carbon energy business 2005 invested $2 9 billion low carbon businesses line original commitment invest $8 billion 2015 Advocacy continue participate policy debate calling policy action price carbon stimulate renewable low carbon energy BP continued participate actively development public policy jurisdictions evidenced formal submissions federal government Australian government Californian state government European Union responsibility spread awareness climate change customers public example carbon footprint calculator bp com support carbon challenge roadshow enables students use science maths enterprise skills examine carbon footprint school Innovation fund actively participate research technology policy help create options future continuing support innovation 2008 included investing based Energy Biosciences Institute $500 million/10 year commitment joint $73 million investment Clean Energy Commercialization Centre Chinese Academy Sciences commercialize Chinese clean energy technologies renewed funding Carbon Mitigation Initiative Princeton University research programme focused building deeper understanding climate science developing practical solutions managing CO2 emissions founding sponsor UK’ s Energy Technology Institute annual investment £ 5 million

 
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23 Goal evaluation
23 9 benchmarks key performance indicators use assess progress emissions/energy reduction goals set
BP monitors performance number ways example review operational GHG emission performance asessment competitor performance typically te CO2e/te output basis review strategic delivery low carbon energy broad set competitors

 
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23 Goal achievement
23 10 emissions reductions energy savings associated cost savings achieved date result plan and/or activities described state methodology data sources used calculating reductions savings
current energy efficiency programme follows successful initiative reduced operational GHG emissions 10% 1990 levels 1998 2001 estimate BP began focusing internal GHG emissions performance 1998 $2 billion net present value created reduced procurement energy increased sales gas used flared vented operations seven years 2008 BP estimates delivered 7 5 Mte sustainable reductions Based current plans track deliver 24 Mte/yr emission reductions 2015 attributable low carbon business activities forecast launch 2005

 
23 11 investment required achieve emissions reductions energy savings targets carry activities listed response question 23 8 period investment Table 13 “ Investment number” column accept text use numbers
Emission reduction target/energy saving target or activity
Investment number
Investment currency
Timescale
Investment low carbon energy business activities 2900000000 United States dollar 2005 end 2008

 
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balance committed $ 8 billion investment low carbon business activities 2015 shown response Q 23 12

 
23 Goal planning & investment
Electric utilities read table question EU3 giving details forecasted emissions
23 12 investment required achieve future targets set reduction plan carry activities listed response question 23 8 period expect payback investment Table 14 “ Number” column accept text use numbers
Plan or action
Investment number
Investment currency
Payback
Investment low carbon business activities 5100000000 United States dollar Proprietary Information

 
23 13 estimate company’ s future Scope 1 Scope 2 emissions years main territories regions operate provide qualitative explanation expected changes impact future GHG emissions possible use table 15 structure answer question alternatively use text box
BP regards forecast emissions data proprietary information

 
Scope 1 forecasted emissions Table 15 following units

 
Scope 2 forecasted emissions Table 15 following units

 
Table 15 “ Scope” columns accept text use numbers Type territory region giving data press “ Add Territory/Region” giving global figure instead separate figures regions territories write “ global” box labelled “ Enter territory region” Click sample table
Future reporting years:
End date for year end DD/MM/YYYY
Emission forecasts
Scope 1
Scope 2
Scope 1
Scope 2
Scope 1
Scope 2
Scope 1
Scope 2
Scope 1
Scope 2

 
23 14 estimate company’ s future energy use years main territories regions operate provide qualitative explanation expected changes impact future GHG emissions possible use table 16 structure answer question alternatively use text box
BP regards forecast energy data proprietary information

 
Table 16 use numbers Type territory region giving data description data giving e g electricity consumption press “ Add Row” giving global figure instead separate figures regions territories use word “ global” table accept different types units e g units volume mass Click sample table
Future reporting years:
End date for year end DD/MM/YYYY
Energy use estimates for territory/region
Number
Units
Number
Units
Number
Units
Number
Units
Number
Units

 
23 15 explain methodology used estimations assumptions

 
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24 Planning (CDP6 Q3(c))
24 1 factor cost future emissions capital expenditures impact estimated costs investment decisions
increasingly integrate cost carbon new investment appraisals matter regualtion BP regards details process proprietary

 
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Governance
25 Responsibility (CDP6 Q4(a))
25 1 Does Board Committee executive body overall responsibility climate change
Yes. (Please answer question 25.3 and 25.4) 

 
25 2 state overall responsibility climate change managed indicate highest level company responsibility climate change

 
25 3 Board Committee executive body overall responsibility climate change
energy company BP increasingly regards climate change issue increasingly linked business operational plans purely environmental issue BP believes approach managing climate change used manage important aspect business Board believes governance BP best achieved delegation authority executive management group chief executive subject monitoring board limitations defined board governance principles (attached) 'executive limitations' require executive action taken course business takes specific issues consideration including health safety environment risk internal controls financing BP board accountable company's shareholders reviews BP's progress addressing climate change primarily board's Safety Environment Ethics Assurance Committee composed entirely independent non executive directors

 
25 4 mechanism Board executive body reviews company’ s progress status regarding climate change
Group Chief Executive Tony Hayward describes Board annual business plan strategy delivered assessment group's risks year board monitors progress keeps strategy regular review Group Chief Executive obliged review discuss board strategic projects developments material matters currently prospectively affecting company performance Group Chief Executive management control BP's strategy climate change actively involved climate change issues instance speeches climate change setting thinkingAccountability specific activities delegated Group Chief Executive executives authority manage resources BP turn delegate accountability authorised senior managers organisation

 
information

 
26 Individual Performance (CDP6 Q4(b))
26 1 provide incentives individual management climate change issues including attainment GHG targets
Yes. (Please go to question 26.2)  

 
26 2 incentives linked monetary rewards
BP's progress managing GHG emissions BP's exposure carbon pricing development low carbon businesses recognised increasingly important elements BP's overall business performance form remuneration basis relevant management

 
26 3 entitled benefit incentives
Performance contracts performance related pay used BP Performance contracts items directly indirectly relate climate change

 
information

 
27 Communications (CDP6 Q4(c))
27 1 publish information risks opportunities presented company climate change details emissions plans reduce emissions
Yes

 
indicate following apply provide details and/or link documents copy relevant excerpt 27 2 company’ s Annual Report mainstream filings
Yes 
Annual Report Form 20 FBP's Annual Report AccountsBP Sustainability Review supporting web material bp com

 
27 3 Voluntary communications (other CDP) Corporate Social Responsibility reporting
Yes 
BP Sustainability Review

 
information

 
28 Public Policy (CDP6 Q4(d))
28 1 engage policymakers possible responses climate change including taxation regulation carbon trading
Yes 
BP continued actively participate development public policy evidenced formal submissions matters public record Examples recent submissions Australia http //www garnautreview org au/CA25734E0016A131/pages/submissions#etsCalifornia http //www climatechange gov au/greenpaper/consultation/submissions htmlhttp //www arb ca gov/lispub/comm2/bccomdisp php listname=sp general ws& comment_num=630& virt_num=393http //www westernclimateinitiative org/ewebeditpro/items/O104F17018 pdfWashington http //globalwarming house gov/pubs/pubs id=0034

 
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