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Respondent CDP 2007: BP

General Introduction
<>If like introduction answers enter
NOTE CDP response submitted Word / PDF document attached introduction section possible data inputted online response does match question left box blank check response Word / PDF complete answer company global energy company providing 2% world’ s primary energy responsibility help world meet increasing demand energy sustainable way BP recognizes paradox energy provides society heat light mobility fuelling economic growth development simultaneously presents environmental social challenges prospect climate change challenge address fulfil aspiration sustainable company sustainable world set high standards corporate citizenship aspire contribute better quality life products services provide create risks reputation perceived actions aligned standards aspirations seek conduct activities manner minimal damage environment Risk arise apply resources overcome perceived trade global access energy protection improvement natural environment Risk management critical activities address climate change 1997 speech Stanford University California Group chief Executive Lord Browne stated BP accepted risks climate change potentially precautionary action justified BP taken targets reduction greenhouse gas emissions operations promoted flexible mechanisms accelerated development new energy technologies participated public policy processes invested research energy efficiency combat fossil fuel combustion impacts introductory statement 2005 Sustainability Report Group Chief Executive Lord Browne reaffirmed BP’ s position precautionary action appropriate address risks posed climate change ‘ company oil gas industry fail recognize demand product rises does risk use contribute environmental challenges associated increasing concentration carbon atmosphere science climate change incomplete foolish ignore mounting evidence conclusion world’ s eminent scientists precautionary action necessary ’ speech Stanford April 2007 Group Chief Executive Lord Browne built statement 1997 saying ‘ subject believe important issue times – risk shift earth’ s climate unknown consequences human life ’ CEO Tony Hayward speech June 2007 ‘ Delivering technologies carbon markets stated ‘ BP believes energy company duty act pre emptively balance likely impacts taking action real opportunities exist action difficult believe humanity solution climate change ’

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Section A – 1 Climate Change Risks, Opportunities and Strategy
Question 1(a)(i) – Regulatory risks
<>For question state time period possible associated financial implications commercial risks does climate change present company including regulatory risks associated current and/or expected government policy climate change e g emissions limits energy efficiency standards
support urgent informed action stabilize greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations achieving sustainable long term emission reductions lowest possible cost participate policy debate jurisdictions arguing favour mandatory emission caps policies set price carbon way change behaviour encourage innovation recognize climate change remains high global policy agenda anticipate greater pressure future reduce emissions operations increased demand low carbon products instance IPCC 4th Assessment Report provides evidence link greenhouse gas emissions human activity global warming potential significant climate impacts continued emissions growth Kyoto Protocol United Nations Framework Convention G8 Gleneagles Dialogue Asia Pacific Partnership aim define basis international collaboration address climate change contributing policy debate Europe related phases (2008 2012) (Beyond 2012) emissions trading scheme believe EU ETS provides launch pad development global carbon market end 2006 19 operating sites covered scheme accounting fifth global operational GHG emissions Senate did pass Bingaman Domenici produced mandatory emissions targets emissions trading state California introduced legislation 2006 sets long term mandatory targets reduce emissions 1990 levels 2020 80% 1990 levels 2050 committed publicly work state’ s governor develop workable market based strategies deliver reductions BP’ s GCE stated "Having emissions market help California achieve lowest cost solutions spur innovation new technologies supporting lower greenhouse gas emissions " BP consistently sought transparently disclose information potential regulatory impacts climate change relevant business Form 20F submission filed Securities Exchange Commission annual disclosure provides information investors business risks related Climate Change Kyoto Protocol emissions trading accessed Reports Publications section BP com

 
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Question 1(a)(ii) Physical risks
<>For question state time period possible associated financial implications commercial risks does climate change present company including physical risks business operations scenarios identified Intergovernmental Panel climate Change expert bodies sea level rise extreme weather events resource shortages
industry general potential impacts extreme weather account developing operating assets 2005 integrity operations severely challenged hurricanes Katrina Rita struck assets Like petroleum companies BP invests heavily engineering structures vulnerable modest changes local climate size exposure changing risk future operational integrity current facilities understood adapting world extreme weather common risk engineering solutions consequently increasing construction abandonment costs addressing issues carrying research jointly Imperial College understand better potential impacts BP’ s operations posed changing climate initial focus work arctic region melting permafrost significant impact operations Permafrost currently provides firm grounding base structures significant warming occurs swamp places focus work aims potential impact changes local climatic conditions BP’ s current operations 2050s Determine potential vulnerability new projects existing design parameters remain unchangedProvide process evaluate BP’ s exposure damaging beneficial effects climate variability gradual changes ambient conditions change frequency scale extreme events aspiration work eventually develop objectively based decision support tools adaptable process capable application different climate scenarios suitable different geographical locations specifically hope lead design guidance notes linked existing international design standards contribute improving BP’ s Engineering Technical Practices (ETP’ s) identify mitigation measures

 
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Question 1(a)(iii) risks
<>For question state time period possible associated financial implications Apart regulatory physical risks described answers questions 1(a)(i) 1(a)(ii) commercial risks does climate change present company including shifts consumer attitude demand

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided

 
Question 1(b) Opportunities
<>For question state time period possible associated financial implications commercial opportunities does climate change present company existing new products services
response increasing demand energy lower carbon footprint capture business opportunities BP major commitment develop low carbon sources energy 2005 launched BP Alternative Energy business provides low carbon power generation solutions 2006 launched biofuels business provide low carbon solutions transport BP believes sufficient new technologies sound commercial opportunities reach build significant sustainable business alternative renewable energy Alternative Energy focused power generation sector – largest single source emissions – investments solar wind combined cycle gas turbines carbon capture storage use hydrogen generate clean low carbon emitting electric power BP Alternative Energy manage phase investment $1 8 Billion years aim invest $8 Billion 10 years long term development believe help meet energy needs growing world minimizing impact common environment Alternative Energy BP Alternative Energy launched 2005 consolidates low carbon activities power sector Solar wind hydrogen power gas fired power technologies potential reduce carbon dioxide emissions believe create profitable high growth global business course decade 40% world’ s CO2 emissions come power generation twice transport sector half power plants world expected need 2020 built pressure mounts action climate change believe national regional governments local utility companies increasingly look build plants use alternative low carbon technologies Solar power Harnessing power sun we’ ve doing long time BP company solar technology used space develop everyday use 30 years ago Today world’ s leading solar power companies installations 160 countries BP Solar designs manufactures markets solar electric systems wide range applications residential commercial industrial sectors Wind power Wind fastest growing sources low carbon power growing average rate 20% year BP’ s wind business operates wind farms Netherlands we’ planning build large scale wind farms aim leading wind power developers 2015 Hydrogen power Hydrogen power plants use fossil fuels create hydrogen use carbon capture storage technologies capture 90% plant’ s carbon dioxide emissions stored permanently deep geological formations oil gas reservoirs saline formations BP announced partnership Rio Tinto identify build operate hydrogen power plants carbon capture storage project potential hydrogen power station Kwinana Australia addition GE BP formed global alliance jointly develop deploy technology power plants dramatically reduce emissions greenhouse gas carbon dioxide electricity generation GE BP's global alliance work facilitate development demonstration integration gasification power generation technology hydrogen power projects Gas fired power Using natural gas make power produces half carbon dioxide traditional coal fired power participate 12GW gas fired power plants power 10 million typical homes successfully developed new power plants past years UK Vietnam South Korea Spain Transport sector / Biofuels consequence growth global population prosperity increase demand mobility Meeting demand managing consequences presents major challenge BP world resources needed support mobility land raw materials energy products generally finite emissions produced transport contribute climate change adversely affect human health addition dealing waste generated transportation significant issue lack mobility sharpens divide rich poor supporting new World Business Council Sustainable Development (WBCSD) project Mobility Development aims raise awareness mobility driver economic development examine ways close mobility divide promote debate leading mobility solutions developing countries results project scheduled publication 2008 regard urban mobility specifically supporting project Tsinghua University China investigate challenges mobility presented rapid growth cities especially Asia phase completed March 2006 demonstrated need integrated approach disciplines second phase involves development thesis associated policy recommendations practical approaches implementation Istanbul supporting EMBARQ World Resources Institute Centre Sustainable Transport EMBARQ's aim build partnerships government business civil society develop sustainable solutions urban mobility issues involvement help learn city tackles transport issues role play support Targetneutral launched UK August 2006 scheme aims educate motorists encourage reduce CO2 impact final step neutralize remaining emissions subscribing non profit making partnership funds environmental carbon reduction projects funded scheme covering ongoing costs profit contributions Targetneutral developed consultation Forum Future leading NGOs advised monitored independent Advisory Assurance Panel chaired Jonathon Porritt founder director Forum Future scheme help raise awareness links driving climate change " believe biofuels make major contribution global energy supply future helping reduce demand fossil derived hydrocarbons support reductions GHG emissions Biofuels E10 (gasoline containing 10% bioethanol) available good starting point despite concerns ability meet growing appetite biofuels GHG efficiency impact food crops developing advanced biofuels – woody crops produce butanol ethanol oily crops jatropha diesel provide higher energy content better fuel economy lower GHG emissions Advanced biofuels reduce need divert land needed food crops derived biomass grown land unsuitable food production worldwide demand biofuels expected grow 15 20% year technology advanced biofuels 5 10 years away strategy takes account need acquire new capabilities meantime gain access conventional biofuels set dedicated biofuels business 2006 announced plans invest $500 million 10 years new Energy Biosciences Institute Early 2007 BP announced selected University California Berkeley partners University Illinois Urbana Champaign Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory challenge launched partnership DuPont adding biotechnology expertise energy experience work develop new generation biofuels including based biobutanol addition initiated testing development programmes partners assess performance different biofuels equivalent molecules consequences using engines year established jatropha demonstration project India Energy Resources Institute joined Roundtable Sustainable Palm Oil Asia blended 2718 million litres ethanol gasoline strengthened position largest blenders biofuels Australia working producing renewable diesel fuel tallow continued supply ethanol retailers Queensland New South Wales number projects underway supply thirds Australian government’ s 350 million litre biofuels target 2010 EU continued lobby introduction effective policies support development wider availability biofuels transport Cleaner fuels higher quality engine lubricants significant impact reducing emissions carbon dioxide carbon monoxide nitrogen sulphur oxides particulates continued deepen technical cooperation partners technology leaders fuels consequences BP Ultimate explicitly endorsed recommended original equipment manufacturers market place differentiated environmental performance benefits worked partners develop lubricants support improvements engine construction emissions systems designed improve fuel efficiency reduce pollution developed longer lasting driveline fluids reduce total oil volumes vehicle’ s lifetime improve fuel efficiency 1 5% Closer operation lubricants development manufacturing processes resulted significant energy resource savings blending lubricants cross functional internal manufacturing audit carried 2006 confirmed dispersant polymer additive (DPA) used core component multigrade lubricants manufactured using energy comparable alternatives creates CO2 benefit audit concluded DPA used BP products reduced GHG emissions 30 000 tonnes annually past 16 years – total reduction close 500 000 tonnes CO2 TechnologyTechnological solutions provide way significantly reducing global GHG emissions providing energy world needs allow nations moderate emissions compromising immediate self interests Technology innovation know central BP’ s strategy performance innovative BP’ s key brand attributes key BP’ s strategy tackling climate change BP believes research development enabled partnerships – companies outside petroleum sector academic institutions think tanks NGOs importantly governments believe commercialisation new technologies takes time accrual environmental benefits generations early action necessary reason BP provide leadership acting mover working introduce emission reducing products services allow early steps taken path stabilisation support continuing search lower carbon energy alternatives solutions climate change world following selection examples Energy Biosciences Institute 2006 announced investment $500 million 10 years establish Energy Biosciences Institute institute carry radical research probe emerging secrets bioscience applying production new cleaner energy principally fuels road transport pursue bioscience based research key areas conversion heavy hydrocarbons clean fuels improved recovery existing oil gas reservoirs carbon sequestration Chinese Academy Sciences Tsinghua University China BP supporting 10 year $10 million programme called ‘ Clean Energy – Facing Future’ programme looking potential breakthroughs clean energy technologies enable China rest world meet future demand energy damaging environment We’ ve provided $500 000 grant help establish Tsinghua BP Clean Energy Research Education Centre Imperial College UK BP launched $8 million Urban Energy Systems project research use energy cities project explore energy people materials flow city money energy saved future CO2 Capture Geological Storage Project CO2 Capture Geological Storage Project (CCP) brings BP range companies supported UK Norwegian governments moved new $50 million phase focusing safety security geological storage reducing uncertainties technology cost performance Carbon Mitigation Initiative Carbon Mitigation Initiative (CMI) science technology collaborative project BP Ford Motor Company Princeton University CMI $20 million project it’ s sixth year CMI project continues work improving understanding science developing technology strategies help solve climate change problem Salah Algeria $30 million science project established advantage learning CO2 capture storage initiative underway gas production site operated BP Algeria project plans develop test new tools CO2 monitoring surveillance Stanford University We’ sponsoring year research programme worth $2m covering public policy aspects modern energy markets

 
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Question 1(c) Strategy
<>For question state time period possible associated financial implications objectives targets strategies undertaken planning manage risks opportunities detailed questions 1(a) 1(b) include adaptation physical risks
BP takes precautionary action limit greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions work combat climate change ways position issue defined support precautionary action climate change recognize aspects science subject expert debate fully proven believe climate change long term issue needs tackled fifty years support urgent informed action stabilize greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations achieving sustainable long term emission reductions lowest possible cost potential contributors goal support inclusive approach acknowledges existence different starting points perspectives priorities solutions believe governments businesses work create policy ‘ spaces’ economic progress security energy provision emissions reductions achieved simultaneously spaces defined appropriate policy regulation activity driven market mechanisms believe policy regulatory interventions support development implementation appropriate technological solutions enable amendment market mechanisms new knowledge climate change emerges view energy sectors help address GHG emissions fossil fuels currently source 80% world’ s primary energy likely remain vital global energy supply 20 30 years innovation reduce carbon emissions fossil fuels make major contribution stabilization Consequently energy companies like important role play contributing policy education enabling market mechanisms developing deploying new technological commercial solutions based fossil fuel new energy sources large scale focus efforts Influencing policy regulation innovation working develop inclusive informed dialogue supporting creation ‘ level playing field’ low carbon energy encouraging market mechanisms promoting technological innovation transparency Continuing business activities energy efficiency fuels switching hydrogen power solar energy wind biomass natural sinks believe prudent CO2 equivalent GHG concentrations limited range 450 550ppm way achieve ensure global emissions 2050 higher today’ s – 25 billion tonnes CO2 year major challenge action taken emissions expected double line energy use Research Princeton University supported BP produced different options achieving reductions outlined based existing technologies suggest ways energy produced consumed reduce emissions 3 5 billion tonnes carbon dioxide (equivalent 1 billion tonnes carbon year) 2050 options include Using existing energy efficiency methods cut carbon emissions buildings 25% Increasing fuel economy cars 2 billion vehicles run average 60mpg current 30mpg Using natural gas coal 1400 gigawatt power stations Capturing storing carbon generated 1600 gas power stations Achieving 50 fold increase wind power Achieving 700 fold increase use solar panels Production 34 million barrels bio fuels day utilizing 250 million hectares arable land (around 16 5% world’ s available resources)

 
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Section A – 2 Greenhouse Gas Emissions Accounting
Question 2(a)(i) – Methodology – Accounting Year
<>Please state accounting year used report GHG emissions
Calendar Year Basis

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided
 No 

 
Question 2(a)(ii) – Methodology
<>Please state methodology emissions calculated
 GHG Protocol 

 
<>Please provide additional information
BP actively involved development WBCSD/WRI GHG Protocol BP’ s internal emissions reporting guidelines based principles GHG Protocol use reporting boundaries GHG Protocol use terminology Scopes 1 2 & 3 GHG Protocol Terminology BP TerminologyAccounting based equity share Equity share basisScope 1 Direct emissions (CO2 & CH4)Scope 2 Indirect CO2Scope 3 Emissions product use

 
<>Please state reporting boundaries data provided questionnaire

 
<>Please provide additional information
BP’ s Environmental Performance Reporting Guidelines comprise detailed reporting instructions calculation methodologies covering wide range environmental parameters including GHG emissions BP employs “ decentralized approach” according GHG Protocol “ individual facilities collect activity/fuel use data directly calculate GHG emissions using approved methods report data corporate level” BP approach used case study page 45 GHG Protocol

 
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Question 2(a)(iii) – Methodology – External verficiation
<>Please state information provided externally verified audited
 Yes 
BP’ s operational emissions publicly reported equity share basis direct indirect emissions equity share basis includes BP’ s share emissions facilities wholly partly owned BP subsidiaries joint venture entity BP data externally verified Ernst Young provided limited assurance aware material reporting units excluded data come attention causes believe data properly collated information reported operations level aware errors materially affect group data

 
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Question 2(a)(iv) – Methodology – Variations emissions
<>Please provide explanation significant variations emissions year year major acquisitions divestments introduction new technologies

 
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Question 2(b) – Scope 1 Scope 2 GHG Protocol Year 1 answers
state direct indirect GHG emissions metric tonnes CO2e global Annex B countries having difficulty reporting emissions figures CO2e metric tonnes guidance answering CDP5 questionnaire available
<>Please enter accounting year used report GHG emissions details
31 December 2006

 
<>Total Global Emissions

 
<>Total Emissions Annex B countries

 
<>Scope 1 activity emissions globally
<>59300000 CO2e metric tonnes

 
<>Scope 1 activity emissions Annex B
<>42200000 CO2e metric tonnes

 
<>Scope 2 activity emissions globally
<>10100000 CO2e metric tonnes

 
<>Scope 2 activity emissions Annex B
<>8200000 CO2e metric tonnes

 
<>Please state MWh electricity purchased consumed company globally

 
<>Please state MWh electricity purchased consumed company Annex B countries

 
<>Please state percentage purchased consumed MWh electricity renewables globally

 
<>Please state percentage purchased consumed MWh electricity renewables Annex B countries

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided
 Yes 
breakdown greenhouse gas (GHG) data including CO2 methane direct indirect emissions years given charting tool bp com website Direct equity share GHG emissions BP operations 2006 64 4 million tonnes (Mte) 2 4 Mte lower 2005 emissions 66 8 Mte (excluding Innovene’ s 2005 contribution) 50% share emissions joint venture TNK BP included reliable data available TNK BP comprises substantial oil gas production facilities refining capacity included emissions expected materially significant future GHG reporting operational emissions totals based quarterly data provided 300 reporting units follow internal GHG reporting protocol helps compare emissions different years like like basis – making possible explain emissions fallen 78 Mte 2005 compare quarterly emissions totals recorded quarter 12 months analyze difference numbers asking key questions 1 differences reported totals attributed shift business activities improvements GHG data collection analysis 2 changes emissions totals portfolio changes disposal acquisition business outsourcing energy production instance 3 increases emissions totals result new organic growth business variations production throughput operations 4 decreases emissions totals result actions reduced GHG emissions compared previous year sustained future chart page 9 attached document shows audited emissions 2005 2006 interpreted terms BP’ s performance like like basis Overall seen absolute basis direct GHG emissions 2006 13 6Mte lower 2005 taking account Innovene divestment 2006 GHG emissions 2 4Mte lower 2005 2006 continuing efficiency projects delivered 1 2 Mte reductions Emissions permanent growth period 1 3 Mte plant shutdowns effect acquisitions divestments reporting protocol changes operational factors caused reduction 2006 2 5Mte BP Group level ‘ MWh purchased electricity’ ‘ percentage purchased MWh renewables’ available

 
Question 2(b) – Scope 1 Scope 2 GHG Protocol Year 2 answers
state direct indirect GHG emissions metric tonnes CO2e global Annex B countries having difficulty reporting emissions figures CO2e metric tonnes guidance answering CDP5 questionnaire available
<>Please enter accounting year used report GHG emissions details
31 December 2005

 
<>Total Global Emissions

 
<>Total Emissions Annex B countries

 
<>Scope 1 activity emissions globally
<>73200000 CO2e metric tonnes

 
<>Scope 1 activity emissions Annex B
<>57200000 CO2e metric tonnes

 
<>Scope 2 activity emissions globally
<>13900000 CO2e metric tonnes

 
<>Scope 2 activity emissions Annex B
<>12100000 CO2e metric tonnes

 
<>Please state MWh electricity purchased consumed company globally

 
<>Please state MWh electricity purchased consumed company Annex B countries

 
<>Please state percentage purchased consumed MWh electricity renewables globally

 
<>Please state percentage purchased consumed MWh electricity renewables Annex B countries

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided

 
Question 2(b) – Scope 1 Scope 2 GHG Protocol Year 3 answers
state direct indirect GHG emissions metric tonnes CO2e global Annex B countries having difficulty reporting emissions figures CO2e metric tonnes guidance answering CDP5 questionnaire available
<>Please enter accounting year used report GHG emissions details
31 December 2004

 
<>Total Global Emissions

 
<>Total Emissions Annex B countries

 
<>Scope 1 activity emissions globally
<>76800000 CO2e metric tonnes

 
<>Scope 1 activity emissions Annex B
<>59500000 CO2e metric tonnes

 
<>Scope 2 activity emissions globally
<>9900000 CO2e metric tonnes

 
<>Scope 2 activity emissions Annex B

 
<>Please state MWh electricity purchased consumed company globally

 
<>Please state MWh electricity purchased consumed company Annex B countries

 
<>Please state percentage purchased consumed MWh electricity renewables globally

 
<>Please state percentage purchased consumed MWh electricity renewables Annex B countries

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided

 
Question 2(b) – Scope 1 Scope 2 GHG Protocol Year 4 answers
state direct indirect GHG emissions metric tonnes CO2e global Annex B countries having difficulty reporting emissions figures CO2e metric tonnes guidance answering CDP5 questionnaire available
<>Please enter accounting year used report GHG emissions details
31 December 2003

 
<>Total Global Emissions

 
<>Total Emissions Annex B countries

 
<>Scope 1 activity emissions globally
<>78500000 CO2e metric tonnes

 
<>Scope 1 activity emissions Annex B
<>64000000 CO2e metric tonnes

 
<>Scope 2 activity emissions globally
<>10400000 CO2e metric tonnes

 
<>Scope 2 activity emissions Annex B

 
<>Please state MWh electricity purchased consumed company globally

 
<>Please state MWh electricity purchased consumed company Annex B countries

 
<>Please state percentage purchased consumed MWh electricity renewables globally

 
<>Please state percentage purchased consumed MWh electricity renewables Annex B countries

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided

 
Question 2(b) – Scope 1 Scope 2 GHG Protocol Year 5 answers
state direct indirect GHG emissions metric tonnes CO2e global Annex B countries having difficulty reporting emissions figures CO2e metric tonnes guidance answering CDP5 questionnaire available
<>Please enter accounting year used report GHG emissions details
31 December 2002

 
<>Total Global Emissions

 
<>Total Emissions Annex B countries

 
<>Scope 1 activity emissions globally
<>76700000 CO2e metric tonnes

 
<>Scope 1 activity emissions Annex B
<>63500000 CO2e metric tonnes

 
<>Scope 2 activity emissions globally
<>11400000 CO2e metric tonnes

 
<>Scope 2 activity emissions Annex B

 
<>Please state MWh electricity purchased consumed company globally

 
<>Please state MWh electricity purchased consumed company Annex B countries

 
<>Please state percentage purchased consumed MWh electricity renewables globally

 
<>Please state percentage purchased consumed MWh electricity renewables Annex B countries

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided

 
Question 2(b) – Scope 1 Scope 2 GHG Protocol Year 6 answers
state direct indirect GHG emissions metric tonnes CO2e global Annex B countries having difficulty reporting emissions figures CO2e metric tonnes guidance answering CDP5 questionnaire available
<>Please enter accounting year used report GHG emissions details
31 December 2001

 
<>Total Global Emissions

 
<>Total Emissions Annex B countries

 
<>Scope 1 activity emissions globally
<>73400000 CO2e metric tonnes

 
<>Scope 1 activity emissions Annex B

 
<>Scope 2 activity emissions globally
<>10100000 CO2e metric tonnes

 
<>Scope 2 activity emissions Annex B

 
<>Please state MWh electricity purchased consumed company globally

 
<>Please state MWh electricity purchased consumed company Annex B countries

 
<>Please state percentage purchased consumed MWh electricity renewables globally

 
<>Please state percentage purchased consumed MWh electricity renewables Annex B countries

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided

 
Question 2(b) – Scope 1 Scope 2 GHG Protocol Year 7 answers
state direct indirect GHG emissions metric tonnes CO2e global Annex B countries having difficulty reporting emissions figures CO2e metric tonnes guidance answering CDP5 questionnaire available
<>Please enter accounting year used report GHG emissions details
31 December 2000

 
<>Total Global Emissions

 
<>Total Emissions Annex B countries

 
<>Scope 1 activity emissions globally
<>76600000 CO2e metric tonnes

 
<>Scope 1 activity emissions Annex B

 
<>Scope 2 activity emissions globally
<>9700000 CO2e metric tonnes

 
<>Scope 2 activity emissions Annex B

 
<>Please state MWh electricity purchased consumed company globally

 
<>Please state MWh electricity purchased consumed company Annex B countries

 
<>Please state percentage purchased consumed MWh electricity renewables globally

 
<>Please state percentage purchased consumed MWh electricity renewables Annex B countries

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided

 
Question 2(c) – Scope 3 GHG Protocol Year 1 answers
<>Please enter accounting year used report GHG emissions details
31 December 2006

 
<>If possible provide estimates metric tonnes CO2e following categories emissions Use/disposal company’ s products services
<>539000000 CO2e metric tonnes

 
<>Your supply chain

 
<>External distribution/logisitics

 
<>Employee business travel

 
<>Other

 
<>Please provide details sources emissions entered figure "Other" box

 
<>Please provide information measurement scope 3 emissions
terms materials used manufacture products BP effectively beginning supply chain terms fossil fuel production vast majority emissions related BP activities downstream supply chain BP case refined products chemicals products carbon feedstock represents majority material climate impact BP consumer fossil fuels produces primary energy operations generated hydrocarbons extract BP 135 000 different suppliers materials products services 100 countries providing huge range engineering technical construction retail financial computing legal services BP’ s suppliers report emissions publicly areas beginning evaluate supply chain emissions identify ways effect reductions complete inventory BP’ s supply chain emissions viewed practical material relative BP’ s operational product related emissions External distribution/logistics employee business travel data available fully built Group data

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided

 
Question 2(c) – Scope 3 GHG Protocol Year 2 answers
<>Please enter accounting year used report GHG emissions details
31 December 2005

 
<>If possible provide estimates metric tonnes CO2e following categories emissions Use/disposal company’ s products services
<>570000000 CO2e metric tonnes

 
<>Your supply chain

 
<>External distribution/logisitics

 
<>Employee business travel

 
<>Other

 
<>Please provide details sources emissions entered figure "Other" box

 
<>Please provide information measurement scope 3 emissions

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided

 
Question 2(c) – Scope 3 GHG Protocol Year 3 answers
<>Please enter accounting year used report GHG emissions details
31 December 2004

 
<>If possible provide estimates metric tonnes CO2e following categories emissions Use/disposal company’ s products services
<>606000000 CO2e metric tonnes

 
<>Your supply chain

 
<>External distribution/logisitics

 
<>Employee business travel

 
<>Other

 
<>Please provide details sources emissions entered figure "Other" box

 
<>Please provide information measurement scope 3 emissions

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided

 
Question 2(c) – Scope 3 GHG Protocol Year 4 answers
<>Please enter accounting year used report GHG emissions details
31 December 2003

 
<>If possible provide estimates metric tonnes CO2e following categories emissions Use/disposal company’ s products services
<>614000000 CO2e metric tonnes

 
<>Your supply chain

 
<>External distribution/logisitics

 
<>Employee business travel

 
<>Other

 
<>Please provide details sources emissions entered figure "Other" box

 
<>Please provide information measurement scope 3 emissions

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided

 
Section B – 3 Additional Greenhouse Gas Emissions Accounting
Question 3(a) – Scope 1 Scope 2 GHG Protocol emissions country
Using methodology set 2(a) state emissions country NB practical list emissions country country basis list countries significant emissions context business combine remainder “ rest world” information format (e g Excel) attach
<>
Country Scope 1
Emissions (Tonnes CO2e)
Scope 2
Emissions (Tonnes CO2e)
Pakistan 132821 0
South Africa 529463 67286
United Arab Emirates 1164119 103
Australia 2503916 389599
China 1715016 619837
India 665 579
Indonesia 500309 44552
South Korea 222127 143832
Malaysia 175800 208042
New Zealand 283274 21138
Taiwan 296042 241228
Austria 0 0
Belgium 431177 93955
Czech Republic 0 0
France 100567 5572
Germany 5475039 511628
Greece 0 14068
Netherlands 1531475 66995
Norway 246097 0
Poland 0 26596
Portugal 0 13464
Spain 1438025 68667
United Kingdom 5595194 576411
Argentina 1058057 22164
Brazil 5956 17707
Venezuela 261570 0
Canada 1096909 673374
USA 23460786 5685765
Russia 14808 0
Turkey 18863 9846
Algeria 290011 6015
Angola 484666 0
Egypt 852590 1948
Kenya 33821 3459
Vietnam 516824 0
Bolivia 133937 0
Colombia 848880 0
Trinidad 3074161 8757
Azerbaijan 571846 141
Georgia 45176 0
Kazakhstan 80352 0

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided
 Yes 
Data provided concerning 2005 emissions

 
Question 3(b) – Facilities covered EU Emissions Trading Scheme
provide details total emissions metric tonnes CO2e facilities covered EU ETS details allowances issued applicable National Allocation Plans
<>Emissions total facilities covered EU ETS figure metric tonnes CO2e
11816081 metric tonnes CO2e

 
<>Total number allowances issued National Allocation Plans applicable installations covered EU ETS
12769198 metric tonnes CO2e

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided

 
Question 3(c) – EU ETS impact
<>What impact profitability EU Emissions Trading Scheme
BP’ s installations remit EU ETS represent large percentage BP’ s total GHG emissions BP consistently sought transparently disclose information potential regulatory impacts climate change relevant business Form 20F submission filed Securities Exchange Commission annual disclosure provides information investors business risks related Climate Change Kyoto Protocol emissions trading

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided

 
Section B – 4 Greenhouse Gas Emissions Management
Question 4(a)(i) Reduction programmes
emission reduction programs does company place include reduction programs related operations energy consumption supply chain product use/disposal
<>Does company emissions reduction program
 Yes 

 
<>What baseline year emissions reduction program (YYYY format 1990)
2001

 
<>If use baseline year reduction programme provide details reference point programme

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided

 
Question 4(a)(ii) Reduction programmes
emissions reduction targets period targets extend
<>Emissions reductions target (%)
15 %

 
<>Time frame reduction target
2011

 
<>Further information
judge overall energy efficiency performance various business sectors normalized GHG unit production performance 2001 baseline BP emission’ s emission reduction goal expressed overall 10 – 15% reduction unit performance 10 years 2001 reported sector drives activities new projects existing operations deliver 1 million tonnes year absolute real sustainable reductions

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided

 
Question 4(a)(iii) Reduction programmes
<>What investment been/will required achieve targets (In $)

 
<>Over time period (In years)
2001

 
<>More

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided

 
Question 4(a)(iv) Reduction programmes
<>What emissions reductions associated costs savings achieved date result program
BP taken action meet challenge climate change acknowledging issue 1997 set voluntary targets operations reduce emissions operations 1998 achieved original goals ahead schedule action reduce emissions using energy efficiently projects 2006’ s efficiency gains resulted continued implementation seven year $450 million energy efficiency programme began 2004 enables businesses carry sustainable energy reducing activities cutting costs GHG emissions 2001 tracking underlying growth BP emissions business growth comparing emission reductions achieved operations years estimate million tonnes sustainable reductions estimate BP began focusing internal GHG emissions performance 1998 nearly $2 billion net present value created reduced procurement increased sales

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided

 
Question 4(a)(v) Reduction programmes
<>What renewable energy energy efficiency activities undertaking manage emissions
Creating energy efficient culture involves facing tough challenges make energy efficiency integral business BP equal priority luxury supporting climate change programme commercial imperatives drive business bring shift focus resources BP concentrated small number large growth critical projects contrast energy efficiency result large number relatively small scale initiatives make energy efficiency commercially viable choice European Union Emissions Trading Scheme provided tangible additional financial incentive reduce emissions beginning 2005If achieve objectives real benefits Energy efficiency plus commercial viability equals ‘ win win’ strategy increased shareholder value long term sustainable contribution reducing emissions

 
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Question 4(b) Emissions trading
company’ s strategy trading EU Emissions Trading Scheme CDM/JI projects trading systems (e g CCX RGGI etc) relevant Explain involvement following
<>EU ETS
EU home EU ETS BP manages emissions trading activities fully integrated way trading desk Integrated Supply Trading operation brings environmental technical business professionals experience oil gas power markets Processes devised ensure participating sites comply EU ETS effective manner purchase sale allowances EU ETS depend relative economics allowances internal emissions reduction projects

 
<>CDM/JI
BP supportive Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Joint Implementation (JI) projects Kyoto Protocol BP investor World Bank Prototype Carbon Fund (PCF) early pre ratification development activities created foundation today's growing CDM/JI market BP's CDM activity increasing consistent growing businesses alternative energy natural gas

 
<>CCX

 
<>RGGI

 
<>Others

 
<>More
BP advocate market based policies emissions trading monitor global developments actively participate evolving legislation important company addition EU recent activity increased Australia federal state level particularly true California BP industrial company Governor's Market Advisory Committee convened recommend market based approaches recently enacted legislation caps California's GHG emissions

 
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Question 4(c) Emissions intensity
state measurement believe best describes company’ s emissions intensity performance historical current emissions intensity measurements targets
<>Best measurement emissions intensity company
way look performance review emissions GHG’ s unit production determine operational efficiency improving 2006 compared 2001 showed 3% improvement exploration production 24 2 teCO2e/mboe 8% improvement refining 915teCO2e/kbpduEDC 33 % improvement petrochemicals 356 teCO2e/kte

 
<>Historical intensity details

 
<>Current intensity details
exploration production performance shows overall improvement 2001 emissions unit production 2006 increased 2003 mature assets oil gas production declined faster rate energy use normalised emissions increased effect expected increasingly offset future energy efficient production planned new profit centres refining increased GHG intensity compared 2005 reflects lower availability refining assets resulted lower throughput petrochemicals improved performance 2005 reflects sale Innovene included energy intensive assets efficiency gains Aromatic Acetyls business offset increased production energy intensive olefins derivatives assets Asia

 
<>Target details

 
<>Would like provide additional information relating question provided
 Yes 
Gas Power Renewables business included analysis emissions relatively small diverse nature business does lend itself using ‘ barrels tonnes product’ unit measurement businesses

 
Question 4(d) Energy costs
total costs energy consumption e g fossil fuels electric power percentage total operating costs does represent
<>Total costs energy consumption (in US$)

 
<>Percentage total operating costs (%)

 
<>More Details
BP common petroleum companies uses oil gas extracts generate power heat operations does pay directly fossil fuels electric power generated directly facility BP’ s facilities purchase electricity local grid Annually calculate primary energy use operations (i e based energy content fuel used directly generated purchased) 2006 total primary energy consumption – energy used complete operations – approximately 1 03 billion GJ similar 2005 consumption levels (1 31 billion GJ) account taken sale Innovene (removed 0 20 billion GJ) change reporting boundaries upstream businesses (0 07 billion GJ) cost fossil fuel varies considerably year typical 2006 fuel prices estimate energy equivalent cost $6 billion concluded 2% BP’ s revenue represented equivalent cost primary energy used operations power heat general impact business increasing energy prices relatively small

 
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Question 4(e) Planning
estimate company’ s future emissions provide details estimates summarize methodology factor cost future emissions capital expenditure planning considerations impact investment decisions
<>Do estimate company’ s future emissions
 Yes 

 
<>Please provide details estimates summarize methodology provide details estimate company's future emissions
BP collecting year GHG forecast additionally year collecting year look ahead 2007 undertaking year look ahead GHG emissions results currently available year GHG look ahead calculated based typical planning assumptions underpin year activity performance produced businesses GHG emission forecasts compared year activity performance businesses examine trends testing major projects carbon price point investment decision 2002 work ongoing area carbon position account transactions forms HSE Assurance process flows BP Management Framework (Green Book) carbon position considered internally ‘ authority negotiate’ approval process BP understands potential affect transaction carbon position proceed 'execute' phase carbon position reported external diligence consultants transactions involving manufacturing sites

 
<>How factor cost future emissions capital expenditure planning

 
<>Have considerations impact investment decisions

 
<>Please provide details

 
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Section B – 5 Climate Change Governance - Responsibility
Question 5(a)(i) Responsibility
<>Which Board Committee executive body overall responsibility climate change
BP believes approach managing climate change used manage important aspect business approach detailed BP Management Framework clarifies accountability delegated senior management organisation Group Chief Executive accountable BP Board ensuring appropriate actions activities taken manage climate change issues Accountability specific aspects delegated Group Chief Executive executives authority manage resources BP turn delegate accountability authorised senior managers organisation

 
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Question 5(a)(ii) Responsibility
<>What mechanism Board executive body reviews company’ s progress status regarding climate change
BP board accountable company’ s shareholders reviews BP’ s progress addressing climate change primarily board’ s Safety Environment Ethics Assurance Committee composed entirely independent non executive directors Executive senior management accountabilities 2007 summarised Lord Browne Group Chief Executive (2006)Tony Hayward Group Chief Executive (2007) management control BP’ s strategy climate change actively involved climate change issues instance makes speeches climate change BP’ s position meets directly climate change leaders

 
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Question 5(b) Individual performance
<>Do provide incentive mechanisms managers reference activities relating climate change strategy including attainment GHG targets

 
<>If provide details
BP long term targets provide overarching direction sectors enables review delivery target 10 15% reduction BP’ s unit performance 10 years 2001 reported sector Group (GCEM) GHG performance contract target Segment Executive Vice Presidents share Segment performance contract target stated absolute emissions based GHG "per unit" expectation core activity plans Segments Climate change strategic issue operational performance contract targets driven directly individuals individual operations based activity plans leaves segments flexibility innovate achieve strategic goals efficient effective manner businesses

 
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General Information
<>Please add general information attachments related specific question like include response

 
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